Telusuri Gambar Maps YouTube Berita Gmail Drive Kalender Lainnya »
Masuk
Pengguna pembaca layar: klik tautan ini untuk mode akses mudah. Mode akses mudah memiliki fitur dasar yang sama namun bekerja dengan lebih baik pada pembaca Anda.

Paten

  1. Penelusuran Paten Lanjutan
Nomor publikasiCN104186395 A
Jenis publikasiPenerapan
Nomor aplikasiCN 201410497551
Tanggal publikasi10 Des 2014
Tanggal pengajuan25 Sep 2014
Tanggal prioritas25 Sep 2014
Nomor publikasi201410497551.3, CN 104186395 A, CN 104186395A, CN 201410497551, CN-A-104186395, CN104186395 A, CN104186395A, CN201410497551, CN201410497551.3
Penemu杜伟林
Pemohon苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场
Ekspor KutipanBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Tautan Eksternal:  SIPO, Espacenet
Cultivation method for actiniae
CN 104186395 A
Abstrak
The invention discloses a cultivation method for actiniae. The method particularly comprises the following steps: 1) selecting actiniae I, which look strong, full and round, and are larger in open degrees, intact, vibrant and sturdy, as parents; 2) selecting a large aquarium, creating a stable circulating system in the aquarium, testing seawater parameters one month after the circulating system is created to ensure health and stability of the circulating system, and adding the actiniae I; 3) collecting oosperm manually; 4) placing the oosperm in an incubator for incubation; 5) feeding the larvae obtained through incubation with bait of which the particle diameter is 40 microns, changing 80 percent of the water each day, and breeding till eight-tentacle rudiments appear; 6) cultivating the actinia larvae till 24 to 48-tentacle actiniae II appear, and placing the 24 to 48-tentacle actiniae II into the aquarium for cultivation. According to the invention, the cultivation method is scientific, the technical problem of artificial propagation of the actiniae is solved, the management is simple, the hatchability is high, and the application prospect is high.
Klaim(6)  diterjemahkan dari bahasa China
1. 一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于,具体步骤包括: 1) 亲体的采选:挑选看起来来结实、饱满,开得很大,无伤完整、活力强健,不会出现缩小、松软和躲藏在石缝中的状态的海葵个体作为亲体; 2) 亲体的驯养:选取一个大型的水族箱,在水族箱内建立稳定的循环系统,水族箱循环建立后还要再等一个月的时间,以确保循环系统的健康和稳定,在加入海葵之前先测试海水参数,最好氨、亚硝酸盐和硝酸盐都为〇,比重介于1. 024 - 1. 026之间,pH在8~8. 4之间,温度介于24C〜27C,溶解氧5mg/L以上,人工投饵; 3 )受精卵的收集:雄性个体会释放精子,雌性个体会释放卵子,精子和卵子在水中结合成受精卵,人工收集受精卵; 4) 受精卵的孵化:将收集的受精卵置于孵化箱中孵化,每日换水50% ; 5) 幼体培养:孵化得到的幼体投喂粒径40um的饵料,每日换水80%,培育至八条触手原基出现,8触手〜16触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体作饵料,16触手〜24触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体、桡足类、齒虫成体、糠虾作饵料,24〜48触手幼体投糠虾及鱼虾肉作饵料; 6) 海葵养殖:幼葵培养至24触手〜48触手海葵后将其放回水族箱内养殖,喂养频率可从每周3次到每2周1次。 A sea anemone farming methods, characterized by specific steps include: mining 1) broodstock: Pick looks to firm, plump, was very large, no injuries complete, robust vigor, will not be reduced, Anemone individual soft and hiding in a crevice in a state as broodstock; domestication 2) broodstock: Choose a large aquarium, establish a stable circulation system in the aquarium, the aquarium cycle after the establishment still have to wait a month the time to ensure the health and stability of the circulatory system, before joining the sea anemone first test parameter, the best of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates are square, the proportion ranged from 1.024 - Between 1. 026, pH Between 8 ~ 8 4, the temperature is between 24 C~27 C, DO 5mg / L or more, artificial feeding; and 3) the fertilized egg collection: males release sperm, females release eggs sperm and egg combine into fertilized eggs in water collected manually fertilized egg; 4) fertilized eggs hatch: the collected fertilized eggs placed in the incubator hatching, daily water changes of 50%; 5) larvae culture: get the larvae hatch feeding bait 40um particle size, the daily water changes of 80%, cultivate eight tentacles primordia, the 8 ~ 16 tentacles tentacles cast nauplii larvae as bait, 16 ~ 24 tentacles tentacle cast Artemia larvae copepods, adult worm gear mysid shrimp as bait, 24~48 tentacles and mysid shrimp larvae vote for bait fish meat; 6) anemone farming: Young sunflower grown to 24 tentacle anemone tentacles ~48 after its release in the back of the aquarium breeding, feeding frequency from three times a week to once every two weeks.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中水族箱的尺寸为1X 1X 〇 5m〜l X 1X lm。 The farming method anemone according to claim 1, characterized in that: said step (2) in the aquarium size 1X 1X billion 5m~l X 1X lm.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中水族箱底部放置有细沙。 An anemone farming method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: said step (2) is placed in the bottom of the aquarium sand.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述海葵养殖时附有共生藻。 4. The method according to the culture of a sea anemone as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: when the sea anemone with symbiotic algae farming.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中水族箱内设有灯管,使得所述海葵可以通过体内的共生藻获得大部分的营养。 5. The method according to the culture of a sea anemone as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: said step (2) in the aquarium features a lamp, so that the sea anemone can get most of the body's symbiotic algae nutrition.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种海葵的养殖方法,其特征在于:所述灯管的规格为] 灯泡/L。 6. A method of farming anemone according to claim 5, characterized in that: the lamp specifications for] bulb / L.
Deskripsi  diterjemahkan dari bahasa China
一种海葵的养殖方法 A sea anemone farming methods

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及水产养殖领域,尤其涉及一种海葵的养殖方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of aquaculture, particularly, to a method for breeding sea anemones.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 海葵是六放珊瑚亚纲的1目。 [0002] anemone is hexactinellid coral subclass 1 project. 共有1000种以上。 There are more than 1,000 kinds. 广布于海洋中。 Widely distributed in the ocean. 一般为单体,无骨骼,富肉质,因外形似葵花而得名。 Usually as monomers, no bones, rich meat, because shape like sunflower named. 口盘中央为口,周围有触手,少的仅十几个,多的达千个以上,如珊瑚礁上的大海葵。 Mouth to mouth the central disk, surrounded by tentacles, only a few dozen, mostly up to a thousand or more, such as large sea anemones on the coral reefs. 触手一般都按6和6的倍数排成多环,彼此互生;内环先生较大,外环后生较小。 Tentacle generally in multiples of 6 and 6 arranged in multiple rings, alternate with each other; Mr. larger inner, outer epigenetic small. 触手上布满刺细胞,用做御敌和捕食。 The tentacles covered with stinging cells, used against the enemy and prey. 大多数海葵的基盘用于固着, 有时也能作缓慢移动。 Most anemones base plate for fixing, can sometimes make the slow-moving. 少数无基盘,埋栖于泥沙质海底,有的海葵能以触手在水中游泳。 Few no base plate, buried in silt sediment bottom habitat, some anemone tentacles can swim in the water.

[0003] 海葵是一种构造非常简单的动物,没有中枢信息处理机构,因此,它连最低级的大脑基础也不具备,然而海葵营养价值高,口感鲜美,是一种高档食用水产品,海葵的毒素可用于降血压、凝血,对心脏神经和肌肉有止痛作用,具有安神镇静、止痛、抗衰老、抗癌变的药用价值。 [0003] anemone is a very simple structure of animals, there is no central information processing means, therefore, that even the lowest level of the brain does not have the basis, but high anemone nutritional value, taste delicious, is a high-grade food fish anemone toxin can be used to lower blood pressure, blood clotting, nerve and muscle of the heart have analgesic, a sedative sedative, analgesic, anti-aging, anti-cancer becomes medicinal value.

[0004] [0004]

发明内容本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种海葵的养殖方法。 Summary of the invention to solve the technical problem of the invention is to provide a major anemone farming methods.

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的一个技术方案是:一种海葵的养殖方法,具体步骤包括: 1) 亲体的采选:挑选看起来来结实、饱满,开得很大,无伤完整、活力强健,不会出现缩小、松软和躲藏在石缝中的状态的海葵个体作为亲体; 2) 亲体的驯养:选取一个大型的水族箱,在水族箱内建立稳定的循环系统,水族箱循环建立后还要再等一个月的时间,以确保循环系统的健康和稳定,在加入海葵之前先测试海水参数,最好氨、亚硝酸盐和硝酸盐都为〇,比重介于1. 024 - 1. 026之间,pH在8~8. 4之间,温度介于24C〜27C,溶解氧5mg/L以上,人工投饵; 3 )受精卵的收集:雄性个体会释放精子,雌性个体会释放卵子,精子和卵子在水中结合成受精卵,人工收集受精卵; 4) 受精卵的孵化:将收集的受精卵置于孵化箱中孵化,每日换水50% ; 5) 幼体培养:孵化得到的幼体投喂粒径40um的饵料,每日换水80%,培育至八条触手原基出现,8触手〜16触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体作饵料,16触手〜24触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体、桡足类、齒虫成体、糠虾作饵料,24〜48触手幼体投糠虾及鱼虾肉作饵料; 6) 海葵养殖:幼葵培养至24触手〜48触手海葵后将其放回水族箱内养殖,喂养频率可从每周3次到每2周1次。 [0005] In order to solve the above problems, an aspect of the present invention is used: a sea anemone farming methods, concrete steps include: 1) mining broodstock: Pick looks to firm, plump, was very large, no injuries complete, robust vigor, will not shrink, anemones individual soft and hiding in a crevice in a state as broodstock; domestication 2) broodstock: Choose a large aquarium, aquarium establish stable circulatory system After the aquarium circulations have to wait a month to ensure that the health and stability of the circulatory system, before joining the sea anemone first test parameter, preferably ammonia, nitrites and nitrates are square, the proportion of referral . to 1.024 - Between 1. 026, pH between 4 and 8 to 8, a temperature between 24 C~27 C, dissolved oxygen 5mg / L or more, artificial feeding; 3) fertilized eggs were collected: males release sperm, females release eggs, sperm and egg combine into fertilized eggs in water collected manually fertilized egg; 4) fertilized eggs hatch: the collected fertilized eggs placed in incubator hatched, changing the water daily 50%; 5) larvae culture: incubation 40um particle size of the resulting larvae feeding bait, daily water changes of 80%, cultivate eight tentacles primordia, the 8 ~ 16 tentacles tentacles cast nauplii larvae as bait, 16 ~ 24 tentacles tentacle cast larvae Artemia nauplii, copepods, adult worm gear mysid shrimp for bait, 24~48 tentacles and mysid shrimp larvae vote for bait fish meat; 6) anemone farming: Young sunflower cultivation After ~48 to 24 tentacles tentacle anemone aquarium back within its breeding, feeding frequency from three times a week to once every two weeks.

[0006] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述步骤(2)中水族箱的尺寸为1X1X0. 5m〜lX IX lm。 [0006] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the step (2) in the aquarium size 1X1X0. 5m~lX IX lm.

[0007] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述步骤(2)中水族箱底部放置有细沙。 [0007] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the step (2) is placed in the bottom of the aquarium sand.

[0008] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述海葵养殖时附有共生藻。 [0008] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the anemone with symbiotic algae farming.

[0009] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述步骤(2 )中水族箱内设有灯管,使得所述海葵可以通过体内的共生藻获得大部分的营养。 [0009] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the step (2) in the aquarium features a lamp, so that the sea anemone can get most of the nutrients through the body of symbiotic algae.

[0010] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述灯管的规格为1~2W灯泡/L。 [0010] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the specifications for the lamp bulb 1 ~ 2W / L.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明一种海葵的养殖方法采用科学的养殖技术,使原本在海洋中栖息生活的海葵驯化适应在人工环境下培养并成熟繁殖,解决了海葵人工繁殖的技术难题,管理简单,孵化率高,具有良好的应用前景。 [0011] the beneficial effects of the present invention are: a sea anemone farming methods of the present invention is the use of scientific farming techniques, so that the original habitat of life in the ocean anemone culture acclimation adaptation in an artificial environment and mature breeding solve the anemone Artificial propagation of technical problems, management is simple, hatching rate, a good prospect.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0012] 下面对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细阐述,以使本发明的优点和特征能更易于被本领域技术人员理解,从而对本发明的保护范围做出更为清楚明确的界定。 [0012] Next, the preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail in order to make the advantages and features of the present invention can be more readily understood by those skilled in the art, and thus the scope of the present invention is made more apparent clearly defined.

[0013] 本发明实施例包括:一种海葵的养殖方法,具体步骤包括: 1) 亲体的采选:挑选看起来来结实、饱满,开得很大,无伤完整、活力强健,不会出现缩小、松软和躲藏在石缝中的状态的海葵个体作为亲体,所述海葵养殖时附有共生藻; 2) 亲体的驯养:选取一个尺寸为1 X 1 X0. 5πΓΐ X 1 X lm的水族箱,水族箱底部放置有细沙,水族箱内设有灯管,所述灯管的规格为1~2W灯泡/L,使得所述海葵可以通过体内的共生藻获得大部分的营养,在水族箱内建立稳定的循环系统,水族箱循环建立后还要再等一个月的时间,以确保循环系统的健康和稳定,在加入海葵之前先测试海水参数,最好氨、 亚硝酸盐和硝酸盐都为〇,比重介于1.024 - 1.026之间,pH在8〜8. 4之间,温度介于24C〜27C,溶解氧5mg/L以上,人工投饵; 3 )受精卵的收集:雄性个体会释放精子,雌性个体会释放卵子,精子和卵子在水中结合成受精卵,人工收集受精卵; 4) 受精卵的孵化:将收集的受精卵置于孵化箱中孵化,每日换水50% ; 5) 幼体培养:孵化得到的幼体投喂粒径40um的饵料,每日换水80%,培育至八条触手原基出现,8触手〜16触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体作饵料,16触手〜24触手幼体投卤虫无节幼体、桡足类、齒虫成体、糠虾作饵料,24〜48触手幼体投糠虾及鱼虾肉作饵料; 6) 海葵养殖:幼葵培养至24触手〜48触手海葵后将其放回水族箱内养殖,喂养频率可从每周3次到每2周1次。 [0013] The embodiment of the invention comprises: a sea anemone farming methods, concrete steps include: 1) mining broodstock: Pick looks to firm, plump, was very large, no injuries complete, robust vigor, will not appears narrow, anemones individual soft and hiding in a crevice in a state as broodstock, with the sea anemone when symbiotic algae farming; domesticated 2) broodstock: Select a size 1 X 1 X0 5πΓΐ X 1 X lm. aquarium, placed at the bottom of the aquarium sand, aquarium features a lamp, the lamp specifications for 1 ~ 2W bulb / L, so that the sea anemone can get most of the nutrients through the body of symbiotic algae and establish a stable circulation system in the aquarium after the aquarium cycling establishment will have to wait a month to ensure that the health and stability of the circulatory system, before joining the sea anemone first test parameter, preferably ammonia, nitrite salt and nitrate are square, the proportion ranged from 1.024 - between 1.026, pH between 8~8 4, the temperature is between 24 C~27 C, DO 5mg / L or more, artificial feeding; 3. ) fertilized eggs were collected: the males release sperm, females release eggs, sperm and egg combine into fertilized eggs in water collected manually fertilized egg; 4) fertilized eggs hatch: the collected fertilized eggs placed in incubation box hatch, daily water changes of 50%; 5) larvae culture: Incubation get fed larvae feed particle size 40um, the daily water changes of 80%, cultivate eight tentacles primordia, the 8 ~ 16 tentacles tentacles Artemia larvae vote nauplii as food, 16 ~ 24 tentacles tentacle cast larvae Artemia nauplii, copepods, adult worm gear mysid shrimp for bait, 24~48 tentacles and mysid shrimp larvae vote for bait fish meat; 6) Sea sunflower breeding: Young sunflower grown to 24 after the tentacle anemone tentacles ~48 replaced in aquarium breeding, feeding frequency from weekly to once every two weeks three times.

[0014] 与现有技术相比,本发明一种海葵的养殖方法采用科学的养殖技术,使原本在海洋中栖息生活的海葵驯化适应在人工环境下培养并成熟繁殖,解决了海葵人工繁殖的技术难题,管理简单,孵化率高,具有良好的应用前景。 [0014] Compared with the prior art, the farming methods of the present invention employs an anemone scientific farming techniques, so that the original habitat of life in the ocean anemone culture acclimation adaptation in an artificial environment and mature breeding solve the anemone Artificial propagation of technical problems, management is simple, hatching rate, a good prospect.

[0015] 以上所述仅为本发明的实施例,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利用本发明说明书内容所作的等效结构或等效流程变换,或直接或间接运用在其他相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。 [0015] above are only embodiments of the present invention is not patented and therefore limit the scope of the present invention, any use made of the present invention specification equivalent structures or equivalent process transformation, directly or indirectly related technologies used in other areas are included in the patent empathy scope of the invention.

Kutipan Paten
Paten yang DirujukTanggal pengajuan Tanggal publikasi Pemohon Judul
CN102524116B *31 Des 201012 Nov 2014江苏省海洋水产研究所Artificial propagation method of Cereus sinensis
CN102550452B *31 Des 201111 Sep 2013江苏省海洋水产研究所Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
US20030072897 *15 Okt 200117 Apr 2003Boschert Jeffrey D.Reproductions of aquarium life formed from translucent memory retaining polymers and method for reproducing the same
Kutipan Non-Paten
Referensi
1 *吴建平等: "中华仙影海葵(Cereus sinensis Verrill)的人工繁殖试验(上)", 《科学养鱼》, no. 3, 31 March 2011 (2011-03-31), pages 70
2 *吴建平等: "中华仙影海葵早期发育的初步研究", 《上海海洋大学学报》, vol. 20, no. 6, 31 December 2011 (2011-12-31)
3 *吴建平等: "中华仙影海葵早期发育的初步研究", 《上海海洋大学学报》, vol. 32, no. 4, 1 April 2011 (2011-04-01)
4 *廖庆强: "珊瑚、海葵在水族箱中的饲养探索", 《科学养鱼》, no. 4, 30 April 2003 (2003-04-30)
5 *谢轩朱: "人工养殖海葵经验谈", 《大自然》, no. 3, 30 June 1997 (1997-06-30), pages 46
Klasifikasi
Klasifikasi InternasionalA01K63/06, A01K61/00, A01K63/00
Peristiwa Hukum
TanggalKodePeristiwaDeskripsi
10 Des 2014C06Publication
7 Jan 2015C10Entry into substantive examination
19 Okt 2016C02Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)