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Paten

  1. Penelusuran Paten Lanjutan
Nomor publikasiCN103960694 A
Jenis publikasiPenerapan
Nomor aplikasiCN 201410231849
Tanggal publikasi6 Ags 2014
Tanggal pengajuan29 Mei 2014
Tanggal prioritas28 Mar 2014
Juga dipublikasikan sebagaiCN103859456A, CN103960694B
Nomor publikasi201410231849.X, CN 103960694 A, CN 103960694A, CN 201410231849, CN-A-103960694, CN103960694 A, CN103960694A, CN201410231849, CN201410231849.X
Penemu李国华
Pemohon李国华
Ekspor KutipanBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Tautan Eksternal:  SIPO, Espacenet
Sea cucumber preparation device and sea cucumber preparation method
CN 103960694 A
Abstrak
The invention relates to a household appliance and in particular relates to a sea cucumber preparation device special for sea cucumber preparation and a sea cucumber preparation method. The sea cucumber preparation device is characterized in that a shell is arranged on a main body of the preparation device; a preparation cavity is formed in the upper part of the shell; an electric heating component, a refrigeration component and a water circulation component are fixed at the bottom of the preparation cavity and on the inner side of the cavity wall; a controller is arranged on the lower part or in a space at a side face of the shell; a thermal insulation cavity used for thermal insulation is formed between the space used for mounting the controller and the preparation cavity; the controller is respectively connected with the electric heating component, the refrigeration component and the water circulation component; an operation panel connected with the controller is arranged on the shell. Compared with the prior art, the device has the advantages of reasonable structure, convenience in use and perfect functions, prepared food materials by adopting the device are high in nutritive value, and using requirements of people can be met.
Klaim(10)  diterjemahkan dari bahasa China
1.一种海参发制器,设有发制器主体,其特征在于发制器主体设有壳体,壳体上部设有发制腔,发制腔的底部、上部和侧部固定有电加热组件和水循环组件,控制器是写入了程序的单片机,安装在壳体的侧面等适当空间内,控制器分别与电加热组件、水循环组件及下面几项的所有控制组件和传感器件相连接进行统一控制,壳体上还设有与控制器相连接的操作面板,发制腔中还设有发制容器,发制容器包括容器体以及与其相配合的盖子,容器由耐热材料构成可以由电加热组件进行加热还能配合水循环组件进行进、排水。 A sea cucumber hair system, a body with a hair system, wherein the body hair system with a housing which has made the upper cavity, the cavity of the bottom of the hair system, the upper and side portions of the fixed electric heating element and the water cycle components, the controller is written into the microcontroller program installed in the appropriate space side of the housing and the like, the controller and the electrical heating element, respectively, the water cycle components and all control components and sensors are connected to a number below unified control, the housing has an operation panel connected to the controller, the hair system chamber also has made container, container comprises a container body fat as well as its matching lid container is made of heat-resistant material can carried out by electric heating elements heating the water cycle components can fit into the drainage.
2.根据权利要求书I所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于设有制冷组件,经继电器与控制器相连接对海参发制器的腔体和容器进行制冷。 The book I said claims of a sea cucumber hair system, characterized in that the refrigeration assembly is provided by the relay connected to the controller's system for sea cucumber and container refrigeration chamber.
3.根据权利要求书I所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于发制容器盖子、发制腔周边加了一层保温材料,甚至在发制腔底部与加热器之间也加一层保温材料,在发制腔底部与加热器之间的这一层保温材料既能传导加热器的热能也能对发制腔和容器进行保温。 3. The book I said claims of a sea cucumber hair system, characterized in that the container lid hair, hair cavity surrounding add a layer of insulation, and even hair cavity between the bottom of the heater also added a layer insulation materials, insulation materials made in this layer at the bottom of the heater cavity between both heat conduction heater is also able to send cavity and vessel insulation.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于有多种自动换水功能,既能连接自来水和外置水箱也能自身把泡发海参后排出的水再提纯成净水输入到容器内进行内部循环,水循环组件设有分别与发制容器相连接的进水管、出水管,安装在进水管路上的进水泵和进水电磁阀,安装在出水管路上的排水管,内置储水盒以及排水箱,进水电磁阀和进水泵分别经继电器与控制器相连接,还设有水过滤器和水质提纯器,其中经进水管进入的水依次经过进水阀、进水泵、水过滤器、水质提纯器后,经进水口送入发制容器中,发制容器上设有排水口以及与其相连的排水管。 4. According to a sea cucumber hair system according to claim 1, characterized in that there are a variety of automatic water change function, after both connect water and external water tank can own the bubble of sea cucumber then purified water discharged into the net water input to the internal circulation within the container, the water cycle components has respectively made container connected to the inlet, outlet pipe, installed in the inlet and the road into the pump inlet valve, installed in the outlet line of the drain, Built-in storage boxes and drain tank, inlet valve and into the pump through the relay are connected to the controller, also has a water filter and water purifier, which enters through the inlet pipe of the water successively through the inlet valve, intake pump , water filters, water purifiers, the hair through the inlet into the container, and has its drain and a drain connected to the hair container.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于设有水温传感器、水位传感器、电加热温度传感器、过温保护器,能为控制器随时提供准确数据。 5. According to a sea cucumber hair system according to claim 1, characterized in that has temperature sensors, level sensors, electric heating temperature sensor, overtemperature protection, can provide accurate data to the controller at any time.
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于电加热组件中的加热器是电热丝、电磁盘、微波管、电陶、电热膜和半导体冷热片中的一种或几种,加热器经控制继电器与控制器相连接。 6. According to a sea cucumber hair system according to claim 1, characterized in that the electrical heating element in the heater is electric wire, an electrical disk, microwave tubes, electric ceramic, electric hot film and the semiconductor film or more, the heater via a control relay connected to the controller.
7.根据权利要求1所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于制冷组件是压缩机、制冷机、制冷器或半导体冷热片中的一种或几种,经控制继电器与控制器相连接。 7. A sea cucumber hair system according to claim 1, characterized in that the refrigeration components are compressors, chillers, refrigeration or semiconductor cold one or several of the film, with the controller via a control relay connection.
8.根据权利要求1所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于在进、排水管处设置了能流水和保温的保温开关和保温装置,在有水流经过时能正常流水,在流水结束时能自行关断,防止容器内外的空气流动确保容器保温。 8. A sea cucumber hair system according to claim 1, characterized in that feed, drain water and can be set at the switch and heat insulation means insulation in there when the normal water flow through in the end the water When off on their own to prevent the flow of air inside and outside of the container ensure that the container insulation.
9.根据权利要求1所述的一种海参发制器,其特征在于还设有进水过滤器和内循环水发制时的水质提纯器,进水过滤器能把外置水源过滤成纯净水,水质提纯器与旁路管阀并联,旁路管阀通过控制继电器与控制器相连平时管阀导通水质提纯器不工作,当不用外接水源用内循环水发制时该阀关闭,水流经水质提纯器后变清洁再进入到容器内使用。 9. A sea cucumber hair system according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a quality water purifier filters and circulating water system when issued, an external water filter can filter into pure water water, water purification devices in parallel with the bypass valve, the bypass valve connected to the controller by controlling the relay valve usually turned purified water quality does not work, when no external water supply system with circulating water made the valve is closed, the water flow Water purifier changed after re-entry into the clean containers.
10.一种利用如权利要求1-9中任意一项所述海参发制器发制海参的方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤: 步骤1:海参泡制阶段,I至3天,该阶段加入水的初始温度通常为O度至30度,可以用加入水的初始温度泡制,根据情况为了泡制效果好也可以在发制器运行后把水温逐步提高到60C以内的任何选定温度进行泡制,所以海参刚开始的具体泡制温度不能超过60度,其间每天换一次或一次以上的水,有条件最好在换水后把水温恢复到换水前的温度,适当增加换水次数有助于海参泡制,海参泡软后可以把海参拿出剖开去牙、去沙洗净后再放回容器,要说明的是海参不拿出去牙、去沙、清洗也不影响发制,根据海参大小、产地及质量不同,泡制的时间也不同,以下的蒸煮和发制两个阶段同样如此,以后不一一细说,这样泡制I至3天后海参只要泡透了软了就可以进行下一个步骤了; 步骤2:海参煮焖及短暂泡制阶段,I至3天,本步骤具体分为蒸煮、焖制、短暂泡制和加水4个过程,以上这4个过程的一个连续完成叫一个循环,本步骤2的完成通常需要有一个或几个这样的循环,现把有关本发制的几个名词的特殊含义做一下说明(I)蒸煮:液体在100度一直煮沸叫蒸煮,液体在100度以下的比较稳定的高温也叫蒸煮,偶尔达到100度或较高的温度之后温度慢慢降低之后反复再升高再降低的曲线温度也叫蒸煮,(2)焖制:是指蒸煮完断电后,再不做任何处理,任由容器内液体自然降温的一段过程; 步骤2的详细过程:步骤I完成后把容器内液体加热到沸腾或一定高温进行蒸煮,每次蒸煮时间最好不超过60分钟;之后断电进行焖制,焖制时间一般在几个小时之内;焖制之后进入短暂泡制,短暂泡制的时间是这4个过程里面最长的,一个循环的时间减去其它4个过程的时间就是短暂泡制的时间;短暂泡制后接着换水,换水是比较灵活的,也可以增加在焖制后和短暂泡制过程中进行多次换水,因为适当增加换水次数有助于发制,一次换水只要换水量在一个量程(即容器的容量)左右都行,以上的4个过程完成后就是一个循环,时间在24小时以内,一天至少要进行一个或一个以上的循环,这样经过设定的一个或几个连续循环后,I至3天后海参就比发制前变大也比较有弹性了,可以进入到下一个步骤了;步骤3:海参发制阶段,时间I至5天,步骤2完成以后,有条件要尽量降低发制阶段容器内的液体温度,只要O度以上都可以满足发制要求,一是低温发制能适应海参特性也因为发制液体温度低了发制时间即使较长海参也不易变质,海参发制阶段较长,每天换一次水或换一次以上水都行,发制阶段只要换水前后液体温度变化不是很大勤换水更有利于发制,如果换水前后容器内液体温度差别较大最好把温度调节到接近对海参发制更好,发制时间I至5天,只要在发制期间海参质量稳定发制时间越长海参发的更大,I至5天后海参明显比发之前变大了,用筷子轻轻一戳就穿透了说明海参已经发制好了,可以拿出食用。 10. A use of any one of claims 1-9 in sea cucumber sea cucumber system device emptive method as claimed in claim, characterized in that it comprises the following steps: Step 1: cucumber cook stage, I to 3 days, the stage was added The initial water temperature is usually from O to 30 , water may be added to the initial temperature of the brewing, brewing good effect under the circumstances in order to be issued after the system is running at the temperature gradually increased to 60 C within any selected brewing temperature, so the specific sea cucumber beginning brewing temperature should not exceed 60 degrees during the day, change the water once or more than once, the best conditions in the water change the water temperature before changing the water to return to temperature, due to increase exchange Water often helps cook cucumber, sea cucumber soaked sea cucumber can come back to cut teeth, to the sand and then washed back into the container, to show that the sea cucumber does not come up to the teeth, to the sand, washing nor emptive effect, based on sea cucumber size, origin and quality of different brewing time is different, the following two stages of cooking and hair system the same way, do not speak in detail later, so I cook to soak thoroughly as long as 3 days after the sea cucumber a soft, you can proceed to the next step; the Step 2: cucumber cook stew and cook briefly stage, I to 3 days, this particular step into cooking, stew, cook briefly adding water 4 process, more than four a continuous complete a process called a cycle, the completion of this step 2 is usually required one or more such cycles, now the special meaning of the present system of a few terms to do some explanation (I) cooking: liquid 100 degree has been called boiling cooking liquid in a relatively stable temperature of 100 degrees or less, also known as cooking, occasionally after reaching 100 degrees or higher temperature after the temperature was slowly lowered and then increased again, then low temperature curve, also known as cooking, (2 ) stew: it refers After cooking power, and then no treatment, some process allow natural cooling of the liquid in the container; the detailed procedure of Step 2: Step I completed the liquid in the container is heated to a certain high temperature boiling or steaming every cooking time is preferably not more than 60 minutes; after a power outage were stew, stew time is generally within a few hours; after entering short stew cook, short brewing time is inside these four processes most a long time a cycle time minus four other brewing process is short time; then change the water after a short brewing, changing the water is more flexible, can also increase after the stew and cook briefly during changing the water several times, changing the water as appropriate to increase the number of help-emptive, first changing the water as long as the exchange of water in a range (that is, the capacity of the container) or so will do, after more than four process is complete is a cycle time Within 24 hours, a day to be at least one or more of the loop, so that after the setting of one or several consecutive cycles, I to 3 days before larger than cucumbers hair system is also more flexible, you can go to the next a step up; Step 3: cucumber-emptive stage I to 5 days time, after completion of step 2, conditions to minimize the temperature of the liquid inside the container, fabrication stage, as long as the O-emptive degree are able to meet the requirements of the above, first, low-temperature characteristics of the system to adapt to sea cucumbers because emptive liquid temperature low even longer time emptive cucumbers are non-perishable, sea cucumber longer phase system, change the water every day, or more than one change of water will do, as long as another stage emptive before and after the water temperature change is not great Qinhuan liquid water is more conducive to hair system, before changing the water if the temperature difference between the liquid in the container the larger the temperature was adjusted to be close to the best sea cucumber hair system better, I emptive time to five days, As long as the quality of sea cucumber greater system stability during hair-emptive longer cucumber hair, I to 5 days cucumbers obviously made bigger than before, with chopsticks poke gently explain to penetrate the sea cucumber has a good hair system, You can come eat.
Deskripsi  diterjemahkan dari bahasa China

海参发制器及发制海参的方法 Sea cucumber sea cucumber emptive system device and method

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及一种电器,可以在家庭、酒店等行业广泛应用。 [0001] The present invention relates to an appliance that can be widely used in homes, hotels and other industries. 具体地说是一种专门发制海参的海参发制器及发制海参的方法。 In particular to a specialized sea cucumber sea cucumber emptive system and method emptive sea cucumber.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 众所周知,目前市场上还没有一种电器可以将待处理食材进行连续几天长时间无损害浸泡发制,而且在对食材的浸泡发制过程中能通过电加热自动进行升温、升温后温度保持、煮沸、焖煮、降温、降温后温度保持、自动换水、制冷、一键式发制等电脑控制功能,还能根据食材的大小和质量的不同能自动反复循环上述过程直至浸泡发制完成。 [0002] As we all know, the market is not an appliance can be processed ingredients were soaked for days without damage long hair system, and automatic temperature by electric heating of ingredients in the process of soaking hair system, warmed maintaining the temperature, boil, simmer, cooling, maintaining the temperature after cooling, automatically changing the water, refrigeration, one-button control, fabrication and other computer functions, but also can automatically repeated cycles depending on the size and quality of the ingredients of the above process until soaked hair the system is complete. 一种电器具有电加热,自动换水、制冷、保温、滤水、电脑自动控制等多种功能。 An electric appliance having an electrical heating, automatic water exchange, refrigeration, insulation, drainage, computer control and other features. 现在这种电器有了,就是本文的海参发制器。 Such appliances have now is the sea cucumber's made herein.

[0003] 海参发制器内部的食材在浸泡发制过程中,通过电加热器,发制器内部温度能有序的连续或断续升高,升温过程中和升温后温度能进行保持,还可以再升温、再保持,直至达到要求,也可以把内部液体加热至煮沸对食材进行蒸煮,煮沸后还能设定停止加热时间进行焖煮及焖煮时间控制;通过换水装置的进排水作用发制器内部能随时按需要进行强制换水,以适应发制需求和保持所浸泡发制的食材不变质,换水也可以调节发制器内部液体温度;通过制冷装置,发制器内部能营造一个适合的温度环境来满足海参低温泡发的需求,可以按程序连续或断续降温、降温过程中或降温后的温度能进行保持,还可以再降温、再保持,发制过程中或发制结束后按需要也可以将食材和液体温度降至O度以上、O度或O度以下,这样发制结束后可以对食材进行冷藏或冷冻。 [0003] cucumber hair system inside the ingredients in the process of soaking hair system, by electric heaters, hair system can be ordered internal temperature continuously or intermittently elevated temperature can be maintained after the heating process and temperature, but also You can re-warming, was kept until the requirements, you can put inside the liquid ingredients were heated to boiling for cooking, heating time can be set to stop simmer and simmer for the time control after boiling; by changing the water into the drainage system role emptive internal energy at any time by changing the water needs to be forced to adapt to the needs and keeping hair system made of ingredients soaked hair is not bad, changing the water can also adjust the interior temperature of the liquid-emptive; by refrigeration equipment, hair system internal energy to create a suitable temperature environment to meet the needs of sea cucumber cold bubble, you can press the program continuously or intermittently cool temperature or cool down after the cooling process can be maintained, you can then cool down, then holding, hair system during or hair After the system may also be needed ingredients and liquid temperature dropped to O degrees or more, O degrees or O degrees below, can be refrigerated or frozen ingredients so after the hair system. 为了使外部环境温度对发制器加热和制冷功能的影响减少到最低及达到最佳的发制效果,发制器还利用保温材料设有保温层和水流保温开关。 In order to reduce the impact on the external environment temperature emptive heating and cooling functions to a minimum and achieve best-emptive effect, hair system is also used insulation material has thermal insulation and water flow switch. 综上所述,在海参发制过程中电加热器、自动换水装置和制冷装置在电脑控制系统的指挥下一起协调工作,保证了食材在一个温度合适、水质交换干净的内部环境下浸泡发制,达到人工发制所很难达到的发制水平。 In summary, the sea cucumber during manufacture electric heaters, automatic water change apparatus and cooling apparatus under computer control command system of coordination to work together to ensure that the ingredients in a suitable temperature, water exchange soak a clean internal environment made system, to artificial hair system that is difficult to achieve the hair system level.

[0004] 某些近似产品如汽车用冷热箱也只是用半导体片的冷热特性进行保温或冷藏,一般在工作5个小时后能达到极限制冷温度为5至15度,极限加热温度50多度,而且冷热装置不能一同协同工作更不能让容器内食材和液体固定在某一个温度,只能要么制冷要么加热,还要间隔很长时间才能安全的进行冷热功能转换,一个冷热片50瓦左右小功率根本解决不了对食材的冷热处理需求。 [0004] Some products, such as automotive approximate hot and cold boxes are just hot and cold characteristics of the semiconductor chip were insulated or refrigerated, usually after working five hours to reach the limit refrigeration temperatures 5-15 degrees, limiting the heating temperature over 50 degrees, and hot and cold devices can not work together but can not let the ingredients and liquid containers in one fixed temperature, can either cooling or heating, but also a long time to be cold interval function converts a safe, a cold slice 50 watt low-power can not solve the processing requirements for the hot and cold ingredients.

[0005] 现在,随着人们生活水平的逐步提高,除了日常三餐的常规蒸煮对生活也有了更高的追求,更加关注自身的营养平衡和健康,保健食品就受到了更多的的注度,随着以往的所谓高档保健食品的价格走下神坛越来越多的进入了普通百姓家庭,随之也带来了新的问题:高档保健食品往往对食物的烹饪条件要求很高,做法也需更加细致,做得不好可能对身体还能带来损害。 [0005] Now, with the gradual improvement of people's living standards, in addition to regular meals cooked daily life also have higher pursuit, more concerned about their own nutritional balance and health, health food on the subject of additional injection of With the conventional so-called high-grade health food prices altar more and more ordinary people into the family, also brought new problems: high-end health food cooking food often demanding conditions, practices also need to be more careful, do not may also bring harm to the body. 这就是为什么有的家庭年节收到了高档保健食品眼巴巴吃不到嘴里,过了保质期只能忍痛扔掉,关键问题就是不会做或做不好。 That is why some families received a high-end health food festivals eagerly eat less than his mouth, and have a shelf life of only reluctantly throw away the key question is not do or do not. 目前一般的家用烹饪电器使用期限较长,家庭更换并不是很频繁,市场已经到了饱和期,现在市场上需求更转向单一功能家电,这类电器包括面包机、豆浆机等等都是所谓单一功能产品,来满足家庭某种不太常用的需求。 The general household cooking appliances using longer term, home replacement is not very frequent, the market has come to the saturation of the market now demands more move to a single function appliances, these appliances include a toaster, and so are the so-called single-function Soymilk products to meet the needs of some less common family. 除了很多常用的单一功能产品以外,还有一种单一功能电器很少有人听说过,就是“海参发制器”。 In addition to the many common single-function product, there is a single function appliance few people have heard, is the "sea cucumber system device." 要了解海参发制器就要先从海参说起,海参,是一种高档营养食品,现在市场需求越来越强劲,也就越来越多的走进了家庭餐桌。 To understand sea cucumber hair system is going to start talking about sea cucumber, sea cucumber, is a high-grade nutritional food, market demand now more powerful, more and more of it into the family dining table. 但是海参是不易保存食品,怕碱、怕油、怕高温,新鲜海参保质期很短,放置时间稍长就化没了,因为海参不含脂肪全身蛋白质,海鲜类的高蛋白质食物变质是绝对不能吃的,毒性很强。 But the sea cucumber is difficult to preserve food, afraid base oil afraid, afraid of high temperature, very short shelf life of fresh cucumbers, put a little longer on the technology did not, because of the high protein food spoilage cucumber fat free body protein, seafood is absolutely not eat and highly toxic. 所以采捕后的海参活体就要抓紧放到锅里煮皮进行熟化处理,海参煮皮之后再加不同程度的盐再晒干或烘干,放到防潮袋里才能长期保存。 Therefore, after harvesting sea cucumbers live must seize into the pot for aging skin treatment after the skin of sea cucumber boiled together different levels of salt and then dried or drying, moisture-proof bag to put the long-term preservation. 海参比较独特是一种活化石级动物,在地球上生存至今已经几亿年,属于最原始生物类,营养分子古老而独特,生鲜海参很难被人体吸收。 Sea cucumber is relatively unique animal in a living fossil, has been living on Earth billions of years, are among the most primitive biology, molecular nutrition ancient and unique, fresh sea cucumber is difficult to be absorbed by the body. 海参生长期很长,一般三年到六年才能食用,内脏去掉后剩下的全是一张硬皮,海参发制不好不但咬不动,因为营养分子太大就是吃了人体也不吸收而且很难消化,对胃肠有副作用。 Sea cucumber growing season is very long, usually three to six years, before eating, after all remaining viscera removed a crust, sea cucumber bite not only made a bad move, because the molecule is too large nutrition is to eat a human body does not absorb and it is difficult to digest, gastrointestinal side effects. 海参要想食用要先进行发制,就是通过在合适的温度下反复不断的泡制、换水、蒸煮,把又薄又硬的海参变成又厚又软的食用海参,发制的过程就是使海参营养分子变小以致皮子体积膨胀,人体就能吸收了。 To be made edible sea cucumber first system is at a suitable temperature by constantly repeated cook, change the water, cooking, thin and hard to become thick, soft edible sea cucumber sea cucumber, hair system process is Sea cucumber nutrition smaller molecules so that leather volume expansion, the body can absorb. 但是对海参反复不断地煮泡和换水是一件很麻烦的事情,一般干海参从泡水开始到发制好得一周左右,大个海参得发制十天左右,发制火候很难掌握,火候小了发不透太硬人体吸收不了,火候大了皮子发过头海参就粘了化了营养流失没了,而使用适宜温度的水和正确的方法来泡发海参既可以节省时间又可以最大限度保留海参的营养成分,也使得更多的人很容易的发制好海参。 But over and over again to brew cucumber and water exchange is a very troublesome thing, usually soaked dried sea cucumber from the beginning to the hair system too good week or so, big hair system cucumber was about ten days, hair system heat is difficult to master , impervious to heat small hair too hard body can not absorb, heat large leather hair too far cucumbers on a stick of the loss of nutrients did not, and the use of suitable water temperature and the correct way to soak sea cucumber can not only save time and can sea cucumber maximize the retention of nutrients, but also makes people more easily emptive good sea cucumber. 海参发制的过程中水温也很难调节,因为发制时间较长,水温高了海参易于滋生细菌引起海参变质,水温低了、泡发时间即使很长也泡不透,为了解决这个矛盾就需要一种电器能人为巧妙的进行火候、温度、时间控制。 Sea cucumber hair system in the process water temperature difficult to adjust because the hair system a long time, high temperature easy to breed bacteria and cause sea cucumber sea cucumber bad, the water temperature is low, even for a long time bubble bubble also impervious, in order to resolve this contradiction a need for an appliance can be clever artificial heat, temperature and time control. 海参一旦发制好了以后,因为长时间的泡发易于被遗忘,如果忘了及时拿出,珍贵的食物就变质了,这就需要发制器在海参发好后有接着冷藏或冷冻功能,保证海参不变质解决后顾之忧。 Once the hair system cucumbers After a good, long time since the bubble is easily forgotten, if you forget in time to come, precious food is bad, and this system needs to send in sea cucumber is ready there and then refrigerate or freeze function, to ensure that the sea cucumber is not bad to resolve worries. 此外,海参泡发需要频繁换水,换水的过程往往很让人费神,需要不断地加水、倒水,尤其是海参发制一天要换两次以上的水。 In addition, sea cucumber bubble frequent water changes, the process of changing the water often is people bother, need to continue to add water, pour, especially sea cucumber day want to change the system of water more than twice. 发制最好加入纯净水,水质好有助于提高海参发制质量,大量的添加纯净水会加大发制成本或带来取水压力,海参发制器配备制取纯净水的滤水装置就解决了这个问题。 The best hair system with purified water, water quality is good help to improve the quality of sea cucumber hair system, a large number of add-emptive pure water will increase the cost or bring water pressure, sea cucumber hair system is equipped with preparation of pure water filtration apparatus to solve this problem. 以往海参发制随意性强,没有一个统一的方法和统一的器具也没有任何发制标准,很可能就是一次发一个样,影响了海参的标准口感和发制品质。 The previous system of arbitrary strong sea cucumber, without a unified approach and unified apparatus and no hair system standard, it may be time to send a sample affects the taste of cucumber and standard quality hair system. 海参好吃难做这是一个困扰人们几百年的一个大难题。 This is a difficult sea cucumber delicious troubled people for hundreds of years a big problem.

[0006] 综合以上所述,本海参发制器具有自动加热、换水、制冷、保温、纯净水滤制和电脑自动控制功能,通过把对各种海参的发制实验数据写入电脑,在面板上设有相应发制按键,发制时只需按照说明按一下发制键就自动把海参发制好了,这的确是一种发制海参的好产 [0006] Based on the above, the present sea cucumber with automatic heating system, changing the water, refrigeration, insulation, pure water filter system and the computer control function, by writing computer-emptive experimental data on a variety of sea cucumbers in hair system with a corresponding button on the panel, just follow the instructions when emptive press the send key to make the system automatically sea cucumber Well, this is indeed a good yield emptive sea cucumber

品O Products O

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0007] 本发明是一种新颖的能够自动进行海参发制的电器,能通过自动控制和调节海参发制温度、时间、换水、制冷、滤水、保温等功能来进行自动发制,是一种安全可靠、自动化水平高的海参发制器。 [0007] The present invention is a novel system capable of automatically appliances sea cucumber, sea cucumber can automatically control and regulate hair system temperature, time, change the water, refrigeration, water treatment, insulation and other functions to automatically send system, is A safe, reliable, high level of automation system is sea cucumber. 同时也根据多年的海参发制经验提出了一种发制海参的方法。 Also based on years of experience in sea cucumber hair system presents a method emptive sea cucumber.

[0008] 本发明可以通过以下措施达到: [0008] The present invention can be reached through the following measures:

一种海参发制器,设有发制器主体,其特征在于发制器主体上设有壳体,壳体上部设有发制腔,发制腔的底部、上部和侧部固定有电加热组件、水循环组件和制冷组件及滤水装置,控制器安装在壳体下部或侧面空间内,用于安装控制器的空间与发制腔之间设有用于隔热的隔热层或隔热腔,控制器分别与电加热组件、水循环组件和制冷组件和各种传感器相连接。 A sea cucumber hair system, a body with a hair system, wherein the hair system with a housing body, the upper housing has made cavity, the cavity of the bottom of the hair system, the upper and side portions of the fixed electric heating components, assemblies and cooling water circulation and filtration system components, a controller mounted in the housing lower or side space for insulation between the space provided for the installation of the controller issued cavity insulation or cavity insulation The controller respectively electric heating element, the water cycle components and cooling components, and various sensors are connected. 壳体和发制腔之间、发制腔底部以及容器盖子上还有保温层,用于容器内部的保温以实现对容器内部进行温度控制。 Cavity between the housing and the hair, the hair cavity bottom and lid of the container as well as insulation, insulation used inside the container inside the container in order to achieve temperature control. 还设有与控制器相连接的操作面板,控制器由单片机写入多种发制程序构成。 Also, an operation panel connected to the controller, the controller writes by the MCU program constituting multiple-emptive.

[0009] 本发明发制腔中还设有发制容器,发制容器包括容器体以及与其相配合的盖子,发制容器可以由钢质、铁质、铝质、陶瓷、玻璃、塑料等耐热材料构成。 [0009] The present invention emptive chamber also has made container, send container comprises a container body and its lid cooperating, hair can be resistant container made of steel, iron, aluminum, ceramics, glass, plastic, etc. hot material.

[0010] 本发明中为了方便自动换水,发制器上还相应配有进水出水装置,外面多种水源的水或内循环的水能自动加入到容器内,容器上有排水口(嘴)能把容器内的水自动排出。 [0010] The present invention, in order to facilitate the automatic water change, the hair system is also equipped with a water inlet appropriate means multiple sources of outside water or water circulates automatically added to the vessel, with drains (the mouth of the container ) water container can be automatically discharged. 水循环组件设有分别与发制容器相连接的进水管、出水管,安装在进水管路上的进水泵和进水电磁阀、安装在出水管路上的出水管和水流保温开关分别与外接水源、内置储水盒以及排水箱相连,进水电磁阀和进水泵经进水阀水泵控制继电器与中压通断前置继电器相连接(也可以把中压通断前置继电器和控制继电器合为一个综合继电器,功能一样,以下的加热装置、制冷装置、换水装置、半导体片冷热转换都分别可以用一个综合继电器实现控制,下面不再提及),中压通断前置继电器再与控制器输出端相连接。 Circulation assembly is provided with each container is connected with the issue of the inlet, outlet pipe, installed in the inlet and the road into the pump inlet valve, installed in the outlet line and the water outlet pipe insulation and external sources switches are built storage boxes and drainage tank connected to the inlet valve and into the pump through the inlet valve and pump control relays pressure off the pre-connected relay (can also put pressure front off the relay and control relay combined into an integrated relay, the same function, the following heating devices, cooling devices, changing the water system, hot and cold conversion semiconductor chip can be used to achieve an integrated relay control respectively, no longer mentioned below), the pressure front off the relay again with the controller connected to the output. 为了进一步减少发制过程对外接水源的依赖,设有封闭式水循环系统:从发制器内置水槽中流出的水依次经过进水泵、水过滤器、水质提纯器后含杂质的水就变成了纯净水,经进水管、进水管水流保温装置、进水口送入到发制容器中,再经发制容器上的排水口以及排水管、排水管水流保温装置,再排到内置水槽完成排水,进而完成发制过程的封闭式水循环;使用外接水源比如自来水,用专用接头和水龙头相连再通过外接水管连到发制器进水口,之后与进水电磁阀相连再和滤水器相连,之后经过进水管和进水管水流保温装置流入到容器内。 To further reduce dependence on external emptive process water with closed-circulation system: the system built from the hair out of the water tank sequentially through into the pumps, water filters, water quality when the water purification device containing impurities becomes pure water, the inlet, the water inlet pipe insulation means to send into the intake system of the vessel, and then drain and drain-emptive container, drain water heat-retaining device, and then discharged to the built-in sink complete drainage, Closed water circulation system and then complete the process of hair; use of external sources such as water, connected to the hair system is then connected via an external water inlet with special fittings and taps, then connected again with the inlet valve and water filter connected after water inlet and into the water to flow into the container holding device. 容器内的水位升高后经过排水口(或嘴)流到发制器排水管内,经过排水管水流保温装置后就顺着外接排水管将水排出,完成了水循环。 After the water level in the vessel rises through the drain (or mouth) to the inner-emptive device drains, water drains through after holding means along an external drain the water from the complete water cycle.

[0011] 本发明中进水管、排水管以及水循环组件中的水路上都分别设有水流保温装置,用于在水流通过后,及时封闭相关管路让容器与外面空气隔绝,进行保温。 [0011] The present invention into the water, sewer and water on the way the water cycle components are respectively provided with the water holding means for returning water through timely closed vessel and associated piping so that the outside air separation, warm.

[0012] 本发明中电加热组件可以是电磁盘、电热丝、微波管、电陶、电热膜和半导体冷热片等多种加热方式,本例用电磁盘加热方式和半导体冷热片加热方式进行介绍说明,电磁盘加热器和半导体冷热片都分别经电磁盘加热控制继电器或半导体冷热片控制继电器与各自一路中压通断前置继电器相连接,再经各自一路中压通断前置继电器的控制端与控制器输出端相连接,接受控制。 [0012] The present invention, the electric heating element may be an electrical heating multiple disks, electric wire, microwave tubes, electric ceramic, electric film and the semiconductor films such as hot and cold, in this case electric heating disk and semiconductor chip heating cold introduced explanation, electric heaters and semiconductor disks are hot and cold tablets were treated with electrical disk heating control relays or semiconductor cold sheet control relays and their pressure all the way off the pre-relay is connected, and then all the way to the front off by their respective pressure a control terminal connected to the output of the controller relay is set to receive control.

[0013] 本发明中的制冷组件可以选用压缩机、制冷机、制冷器、半导体冷热片或其他制冷方式方式,大型海参发制器可以选用压缩机等制冷方式来增强制冷效果,小型海参发制器可以选用半导体冷热片制冷方式制冷。 [0013] The present invention can use a compressor refrigeration components, chillers, refrigeration, semiconductor chip or other cooling methods cold way, large sea cucumber hair system can choose other refrigeration compressor ways to enhance the cooling effect, small sea cucumber system can choose the way semiconductor cold piece cooling refrigeration. 下面介绍使用半导体冷热片进行制冷的海参发制器制冷功能控制原理:半导体冷热片可以固定在发制腔的底部、侧部或上部,半导体冷热片经制冷电路与冷热片控制继电器器输出端相连接,冷热片控制继电器的输入端与冷热片中压通断前置继电器的输出端相连接,中压通断前置继电器的输入端与控制器输出端相连接,接受控制。 The following describes a semiconductor cold slices of cucumber hair system cooling refrigeration function control principle: semiconductor cold sheet can be fixed to the bottom cavity of the hair, or the upper side of the semiconductor chip by hot and cold refrigerant circuit chip control relay is connected to the output, cold-chip control relay voltage input terminal and cold tablets off the relay connected to the output front, the pressure front off the relay input terminal connected to the output of the controller to accept control. 进一步的为了发挥冷热片的加热和制冷两种功能,控制器与半导体冷热片之间还设有用于控制半导体制冷片电压极性转换的极性转换控制电路(把加在冷热片两端的直流电压极性反转,冷热片就从加热功能变成了制冷功能,反之亦然。),极性转换控制电路中包括与冷热片相连接的极性转换控制继电器和与它相连的中压通断前置继电器,中压通断前置继电器的输入端与控制器输出端相连接,接受控制。 In order to play hot and cold sheet further heating and cooling two functions, also it has a polarity switch for controlling the semiconductor cooling chip voltage polarity switching control circuit between the controller and the semiconductor cold sheet (the increase in both cold and hot sheet end DC voltage polarity is reversed, cold sheet on the heating function into a cooling function, and vice versa.), polarity switch control circuit includes a polarity switching and cold tablets connected to control relays and connected with it The pressure front off the relay, pressure front off the relay input and output terminals connected to the controller to receive control. 另外制冷组件设有散热风扇,并在发制器主体的相应位置开设散热孔,利用半导体制冷片的体积小、无污染、可以多个重复设置等特性进行制冷、低温泡制和冷冻保存。 Further cooling assembly is provided with a cooling fan, and open vents at the corresponding position emptive body, the use of semiconductor refrigeration piece of small, non-polluting, and other characteristics can be set multiple repeat refrigeration, cold brew and cryopreservation.

[0014] 本发明中发制器主体可以做成多种形状,如箱式、电煮锅式、电饭煲式、电水壶式等等,发制容器也可以随发制器主体相应做成多种形状,发制器也可以根据根据应用场合不同和功率大小不同做成大小不等。 [0014] The present invention emptive body can be made in various shapes, such as a box-type, electric cooker type, style cooker, kettle-type, etc., can also be made container made of a variety of appropriate follow-emptive body shape, hair system can also be made different according to different sizes depending on the application and power of different sizes.

[0015] 本发明在发制腔的底部、顶部以及需要的其它部分设有保温层,用于在加热、制冷功能和泡制时保温。 [0015] The present invention is made in the bottom of the cavity, the top and the rest of the required features insulation, insulation for the heating, cooling function and cook time.

[0016] 本发明中为了发制温度控制的精准,在设置了温度保护传感器之外还加了水温和水位传感器,及时向控制器传递水温和水位信息。 [0016] The present invention in order to send precise temperature control system, set up to protect the sensor temperature outside also added a water temperature and water level sensor, water temperature and water level timely delivery of information to the controller.

[0017] 本发明的控制器主要通过对单片机输入控制程序实现,该控制程序包括事先设定的加热方式、加热功率、加热时间、加热温度点、制冷温度点、保温温度、换水时间点、换水时间、冷热片功能转换等来设置控制程序,对加热器和换水系统的水泵电磁阀、旁通开关以及制冷装置等动作的控制程序,此外单片机还分别与水温传感器、温度保护传感器、水位传感器等相连,水温传感器、温度保护传感器、水位传感器可装于发制容器的上部或底部及侧面。 [0017] The controller of the present invention is mainly through the microcontroller input control procedures to achieve the control program includes pre-set heating, heating power, heating time, heating temperature point, the cooling temperature point, holding temperature, changing the water point in time, * Change the time, hot and cold conversion chip functions to set up a control program, the operation of the heater and change the water system pump solenoid valve, a bypass switch and a refrigerating apparatus such as a control program, in addition to the microcontroller also with temperature sensors, temperature protection sensor , water level sensors are connected, the water temperature sensor, temperature sensor protection, the top or bottom and sides of a water level sensor can be installed in emptive container. 控制器根据各个传感器采集的信息判断出现异常情况时,就及时发出报警或断电指令,通过加热器中压通断前置继电器、控制继电器对加热器和相关系统进行断电。 The controller according to when each sensor to collect information to determine abnormal situation, it is timely alarm or power-off command, the pressure off the pre-heater relay through the control relay for the heater and associated power systems.

[0018] 本发明中发制主体的壳体底部设有支撑凸起,并设有散热孔,此外电加热组件和制冷组件可以分别配有风扇,用于散热降温。 [0018] The bottom of the housing body hair system of the present invention is provided with support projections, and with cooling holes, in addition to the electric heating element and cooling components can each equipped with a fan for thermal cooling.

[0019] 本发明中发制器主体的壳体、发制腔和容器的材料可以由不锈钢、不锈铁、塑料、铝板、磁性铁板、硅晶玻璃、耐热玻璃等构成,盖子内部、发制腔底部、壳体和发制腔之间的保温夹层可以根据实际需要使用泡沫、PU泡沫、聚氨酯发泡、酚醛树脂等保温材料做成。 [0019] The present invention emptive housing body, hair cavity and container materials can be made of stainless steel, stainless iron, plastic, aluminum, magnetic iron, silicon glass, heat-resistant glass, etc., inside the cover, Insulation sandwich bottom cavity hair, and hair cavity between the housing can be made according to the actual need to use foam, PU foam, polyurethane foam, phenolic resins and other insulation materials.

[0020] 本发明实现了对海参发制过程的全自动化控制,通过对单片机写入程序做成的控制器进行自动化操作。 [0020] The present invention realizes the sea cucumber fully automated process control system, made by the microcontroller writer controller automation. 按下某一个功能按键后,依照实验数据写好的发制程序,通过时刻接收水温传感器、温度传感器、水位传感器、等传递回来的即时数据进行比对,就能随时发出控制指令进行自动控制海参发制。 After pressing a function key, according to experimental data written emptive program, received by the time the water temperature sensors, temperature sensors, level sensors, and other real-time data is passed back to compare, you can feel free to send control commands for automatic control of sea cucumber hair system. 本发明的操作面板由功能按键组、控制按键组和显示屏、功能指示灯和声音提示器等组成。 The operation panel of the present invention is defined by the function key group, the control group consisting of buttons and displays, function indicator and audible and so on. 显示屏可以选用显示字体、字符的液晶屏、数码管和其他显示方法。 The display font, character LCD, LED and other display methods you can use to display.

[0021] 本发明还提出了一种利用上述海参发制器发制海参的方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤:(整个发制需要几天时间) [0021] The present invention also proposes a system device using the above sea cucumber sea cucumber emptive method comprising the following steps :( entire hair system takes a few days)

步骤1:海参泡制阶段,开始发制时加入发制器容器的水温度通常为0-30C,发制开始后根据实际加入的水温不同,可以用加入容器的水自然浸泡也可以开启加热器逐步把水温提高进行浸泡,最好不超过60C,根据海参大小和品种不同海参泡制时间为1-3天,每24小时内至少换一次水,可以增加换水次数。 Step 1: cucumber cook stage, joined at the start of emptive emptive container of water temperature is usually 0-30 C, issued after the system start depending on the actual temperature of the water is added, can be added to the vessel to be soaked in water naturally open heater temperature increase gradually soak, preferably not more than 60 C, according to the different varieties of sea cucumber sea cucumber size and brewing time of 1-3 days, at least change the water, you can increase the number of times changing the water every 24 hours. 泡的目的是把海参由硬变软,把体内的盐和杂质粗略去掉,尽量多次换水有助于泡制。 The purpose is to soak the sea cucumber from hard to soft, the body's salt and coarse impurities removed, try changing the water several times to help cook.

[0022] 在泡制过程中,待海参泡软后可以随时按一下暂停键把容器或海参拿出剖开去牙去沙洗一洗,剖洗完毕容器加水后和海参一同放入腔中再按一下暂停键接着进行发制,这样发制的效果更好一些。 [0022] In the brewing process, you can always press the pause button about to be soaked sea cucumber or sea cucumber out of the container cut to the teeth to the sand wash, wash sectional finished container, add water and cucumber together into the chamber again Click the Pause key followed by hair system, so the effect of better hair system. 即使不把海参拿出剖开也不影响泡制、发制。 Even without the sea cucumber cut out does not affect the brewing, hair system.

[0023] 步骤2:海参焖煮及短时泡制阶段:具体分为煮、焖、降温、短暂泡制和加水5个过程,以上5个过程的一个完整连续叫一个循环,因海参不同通常本步骤要循环一次或几次。 [0023] Step 2: cucumber simmer and cook short stage: specific divided cook, stew, cooling, adding water briefly cook 5 process, a complete continuous process called more than five a cycle, usually due to the different sea cucumber The steps to be recycled once or several times.

[0024] (I)煮:本发制方法“煮”的含义是加热器对容器内液体进行一定时间的100度煮沸或者一定时间的较高温度也叫“煮”。 [0024] (I) cooked: The method of the present system, "cook" means that the container liquid heater for some time boiling temperature of 100 degrees or higher for some time also called "boiled." 可以是连续煮也可以是断续煮:连续煮是加热器对容器内液体不停加热;断续煮是加热器对容器内液体时断时续加热维持在某一个温度附近。 It may be continuous or may be intermittent cook cook: continuous cooking is a heater for heating the liquid in the container constant; chopping cook is a heater for heating the liquid in the container intermittently to maintain a certain temperature in the vicinity. (2)焖:断电后不做任何处理,任由容器内液体自然降温的一段过程。 (2) stew: after power failure without any treatment, some process allow natural cooling of the liquid in the container. (3)降温:焖到了一定时间如果容器内液体温度还高于60度就要启动换水装置或制冷装置对容器内的液体进行快速降温,把温度降到60度以下的一个合适的温度,这个选定的温度就叫温度点,比如15度等等。 (3) Cooling: stew to a certain period of time if the temperature of the liquid in the container is also higher than 60 degrees is necessary to start the refrigeration unit to change the water or liquid in the container means for rapid cooling, the temperature dropped to a suitable temperature of 60 degrees or less, The selected temperature is called temperature points, such as 15 degrees, and so on. (4)短时泡制:焖完或者降温后,从温度点就开始了短时泡制,可以是基本恒温泡制,就是把液体温度控制在温度点附近,直到本次短时泡制结束;也可以是非恒温泡制,就是不对容器内液体温度进行控制,从温度点开始进行自然泡制直到本次短时泡制结束。 (4) Short-time cook: Braised finished or after cooling from a temperature point began short cook, cook may be substantially constant temperature is the temperature of the liquid in the vicinity of the temperature control point until the end of this short-term infusion ; also be a non-constant infusion, is the temperature of the liquid in the container does not control, from the natural brewing temperature point until the end of this short-term infusion. (5)换水:每一个循环的尾声就是换水,启动换水装置对容器进行换水后就完成了一个循环。 (5) changing the water: the end of each cycle is to change the water, start changing the water means changing the water container after the completion of a cycle.

[0025] 要说明的是上面5个过程根据不同情况有的过程可以省略,有的进行次序可以变化,比如降温有时可以不用,进行完(2)焖后,也可以先进行(5)换水,之后进行(4)短时泡制,也不影响整体发制。 [0025] It is noted that the above five processes depending on the circumstances, some processes can be omitted, and some order may be changed, for example, sometimes you can not cool down, be finished (2) stew, too, you can start with (5) changing the water , followed by (4) Short-time cook, does not affect the overall hair system.

[0026] 上面每一个循环时间应该在24小时以内,适当缩短每一次循环时间增加循环次数更有利于泡发,根据发制程序多次的循环后本步骤就结束了。 [0026] Each of the above cycle time should be less than 24 hours, appropriate to shorten the cycle time increases each time more conducive to bubble cycles, according to the program issued after the system cycle times of this step is over. 本步骤持续1-3天。 This continued for 1-3 days.

[0027] 步骤3:海参发制阶段,发制阶段有条件尽量让容器内液体温度低一些更有利于发制,低温也可以防止食材因长时间浸泡而变质。 [0027] Step 3: cucumber-emptive stage, stage emptive conditional try to make the container liquid temperature is more conducive to lower-emptive, hypothermia can be prevented ingredients deterioration due to a long soak. 发制阶段每24小时内至少换一次水,增加换水次数有利于发制。 Change the water every stage emptive within at least 24 hours, changing the water to increase the number of beneficial hair system. 本步骤持续I至5天。 In this step, I continued to five days. 以每个人的口感不同,只要海参能不费劲咬动食用就可以认为发制好了,通常的标准是用筷子轻轻一戳海参,只要能戳透海参就认为海参发制好了。 To everyone's taste is different, as long as the sea cucumber can move without effort bite to eat can be considered a good hair system, the usual standard is a poke gently with chopsticks cucumber, as long poke through the sea cucumber sea cucumber is considered a good system.

[0028] 以上进行完三个步骤后海参整个发制过程就结束了。 After the [0028] After the above three steps performed cucumber entire hair system process is over.

[0029] 本发明中还包括海参发制完毕后的自动冷藏、冷冻保存阶段。 [0029] The present invention also includes automatic refrigeration system after the completion of sea cucumber, frozen stage.

[0030] 本发明是将加热、换水、制冷、保温、滤水和自动控制等功能集于一身的电器,能自动做到对食物的浸泡、加热、煮沸、蒸煮、换水、滤水保温、冷藏、冷冻等多种功能,这是其他电器所不具备的。 [0030] The present invention is a heating, changing the water, refrigeration, insulation, drainage and automatic control functions rolled into one appliance, be able to do for food soaked, heated, boiled, steamed, changing the water, drainage insulation , chilled, frozen, and other functions, which is not available in other appliances. 为了达到最好的发制效果,发制器可以在四周加一层保温材料,使容器内部营造出一个与外界温度隔离的发制空间,更有利于海参精准和标准化发制。 In order to achieve the best-emptive effect, hair system can add a layer of insulating material around the inner container and the outside temperature to create a hair system isolated space, more conducive to accurate and standardized emptive cucumber. 但是发制器加热功能要求加热器和发制容器之间有很好的传热功能,而加热装置的加热为了工作安全是要散热的必须外露在大气中,所以就形成至少加热盘的位置是传热的无法保温;制冷装置的制冷是要求整个发制容器或发制器主体是保温的,不允许有散热处,否则不但浪费能源,也很可能达不到制冷效果。 But emptive heating feature requires a good heat transfer function between the heater and hair container, while the heating means to job security is to be exposed to heat in the atmosphere, so at least the heating plate forming position is Heat can not insulation; refrigeration cooling requirements of the entire apparatus is made container or body hair system is insulation, does not allow the heat at or only a waste of energy, it is also likely to reach the cooling effect. 为了解决这个矛盾,本发明在加热器电磁盘和发制容器之间放了一层保温材料,既可以通过加热时电磁盘发出的电磁波,在制冷时也能起到保温作用。 To resolve this conflict, the present invention between the heater power disk and put a layer of containers made of insulation material, either through electromagnetic waves emitted by the heating power disk, in the refrigeration insulation can also play a role.

[0031] 附图说明: [0031] Brief description:

附图1是本发明中发制器容器的盖体结构示意图。 Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of the lid of the invention emptive container.

[0032] 附图2是本发明中发制器主体的结构示意图。 [0032] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the present invention emptive body.

[0033] 附图3是本发明中发制容器的结构示意图。 [0033] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present invention is made of container. [0034] 附图4是本发明中控制流程图。 [0034] FIG. 4 is a flow chart of the present invention control.

[0035] 附图5是本发明中发制器主体的俯视图。 [0035] FIG. 5 is a system of the present invention made a plan view body.

[0036] 附图标记:发制器主体1、操作面板2、发制腔3、进水管4a、排水管4b、发制容器5、进水口6、盖7、排水嘴8、电磁盘加热器9、风扇10、声音提示器11、控制器12、显示屏13、功能指示灯14、功能按键15、半导体冷热片散热片16、半导体冷热片17、风扇18、半导体冷热片电路板19、保温层20、支脚21、温度传感器22、操作面板电源开关23、电磁盘加热通断控制继电器24、半导体冷热片通断控制继电器25A、半导体冷热片通断控制继电器25B、电磁盘受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器26、半导体冷热片受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器27A、B、半导体冷热片散热孔28、进水电磁阀29、进水电磁阀和水泵控制继电器30、进水电磁阀和水泵受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器31、进水单/双向水泵32,内置储水盒33,水过滤器35,水质提纯器36、半导体冷热片电压极性转换受控制器直接控制的前置继电器组和相应模组37、半导体冷热片电压极性转换控制继电器组和相应模组38、过温保护电路39、水流传感器40、旁路管通断控制继电器41、前置继电器42、防干烧器43、外置储水排水箱44、温度传感器45、综合继电器46、水温和水位传感器47。 [0036] Reference numeral: emptive body 1, the operation panel 2 sends cavity 3, inlet 4a, drain 4b, hair container 5, inlets 6, 7 cover, drainage nozzle 8, electric heater disk 9, the fan 10, the voice prompts 11, controller 12, display 13, function indicator 14, function keys 15, the fins 16 of the semiconductor chip cold, cold semiconductor chip 17, a fan 18, a semiconductor chip board cold 19, insulating layer 20, 21 feet, the temperature sensor 22, an operation panel power switch 23, electrical disk heating-off control relay 24, the semiconductor chip hot-off control relay 25A, the semiconductor chip hot-off control relay 25B, electric disk pressure controller directly controlled by the front off the relay 26, the semiconductor chip cold controlled directly by the controller MV-off pre-relay 27A, B, semiconductor cold piece cooling holes 28, inlet valve 29, inlet valve and pump control relays 30, inlet valve and pump controlled by a directly controlled pressure front off the relay 31, water mono / bi-directional pump 32, 33 built-in storage boxes, water filters 35, Water purification 36, the semiconductor chip voltage polarity reversal of hot and cold controller directly controlled by the front group and the corresponding relay module 37, the semiconductor chip voltage cold polar groups and corresponding conversion control relay module 38, over-temperature protection circuit 39, flow sensor 40, the bypass pipe on-off control relay 41, front relay 42, 43 anti-dry, external storage and drainage tank 44, the temperature sensor 45, the integrated relay 46, water temperature and water level sensor 47.

[0037] 具体实施方式: [0037] DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

下面结合附图及实施例对本发明作进一步的说明。 Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the embodiment of the present invention will be further described below.

[0038] 如附图1至附图4所示,本发明提出了一种海参发制器,设有发制器主体1,其特征在于发制器主体I设有壳体,壳体上部设有发制腔3,发制腔3的底部和腔壁内侧固定有电加热组件、水循环组件和制冷组件,控制器12安装在壳体下部或侧面空间内,用于安装控制器12的空间与发制腔3之间设有用于隔热的隔热腔,控制器12分别与电加热组件、水循环组件、制冷组件及各传感器相连接,壳体上还设有与控制器12相连接的操作面板2 ; [0038] As shown in Figure 1 to the drawings, the present invention provides 4 system is a sea cucumber with hair system body 1, characterized in that the body I emptive has a housing, the upper set There are hair cavity 3, at the bottom of the inside of the hair and parietal cavity 3 is fixed to the electric heating element, the water cycle components and cooling components, the controller 12 is mounted within the housing lower or side space for mounting the controller 12 and the space Hair cavity provided between the chamber 3 for thermal insulation, the controller 12 are electrically connected with the heating assembly, water cycle components, and each component refrigerant sensor, the housing further includes an operation controller 12 connected Panel 2;

本发明发制器主体I上设有操作面板2、发制腔3,其中进水管4a、排水管4b分别位于发制器主体I的后部,并伸入发制腔3中,发制腔3中设有发制容器5,发制容器5上设有进水口6以及与发制容器相配合的盖7,发制容器5上端还设有排水嘴8,发制腔3底部设有电磁盘加热器9,并配合设有风扇10以及加热器电源板,控制器12在发制器主体I的底部,控制器12与操作面板2相连接,操作面板2上包括显示屏13、功能指示灯14、功能按键15、声音提不器11 ; Emptive body of the present invention is provided on the operation panel I 2, made cavity 3, wherein the inlet pipe 4a, 4b drains are located at the rear of the body I emptive and extends into the cavity 3 hair, hair cavity 3 has made container 5, the hair container 5 is provided with inlet 6 and 7 and made container lid cooperating, 5 upper end of hair is also a drainage container mouth 8, 3 bottom cavity provided with an electric hair disk heater 9 and 10 with a fan and a heater power supply board, the controller 12 in the bottom of the body hair I made, the controller 12 is connected to the operation panel 2, the operation panel 13 includes a display screen, function indicator 2 lamp 14, 15 function keys, not to mention the 11 sound;

本发明中发制器主体上还设有固定在发制腔3内壁、上部或底部的半导体冷热片散热片16、半导体冷热片17以及配合设有的风扇18,半导体冷热散热片16以及半导体冷热片17相连接的半导体冷热片电路板19 ;发制器主体I上的电磁盘加热器9与发制腔3之间设有保温层20,发制器主体I底部设有支脚21 ; The present invention, on-emptive body fat also has secured a semiconductor cavity 3 wall, top or bottom of the hot and cold fins 16, the semiconductor chip 17, and with hot and cold with a fan 18, a semiconductor hot and cold heat sink 16 and semiconductor hot and cold hot sheet of semiconductor chip circuit board connected to 17 19; electric heater emptive disk 9 on the body I made cavity between 3 and 20 with a thermal insulation layer, bottom of the body hair system with a device I 21 feet;

本发明还设有分别与控制器12相连接的温度传感器22、水温和水位传感器47、操作面板电源开关23、电磁盘加热通断控制继电器24、半导体冷热片通断控制继电器25A以及25B,电磁盘受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器26,半导体冷热片受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器27A、B,进水电磁阀和水泵控制继电器30,进水电磁阀和水泵受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器31 ;为了提高散热效果,可以开设半导体冷热片散热孔28 ; The present invention is also provided with a temperature sensor 12 are connected to the controller 22, the water temperature and water level sensor 47, the operation panel power switch 23, electrical disk heating-off control relay 24, the semiconductor chip hot-off control relays 25A and 25B, electric disk controller directly controlled by the pressure off front relay 26, the semiconductor chip cold controlled directly by the controller MV-off pre-relay 27A, B, inlet valve and pump control relays 30, water solenoid valves and pumps controlled by a directly controlled pressure off the relay 31 Front; To improve the cooling effect, can open a semiconductor cold sink cooling holes 28;

本发明中为了发制温度控制的准确,在设置了温度传感器之外还加了一个伸入容器液面内的水温传感器和水位传感器47。 The present invention, in order emptive accurate temperature control, set the temperature sensor outside also added a water temperature sensor and level sensor extends into the liquid inside the container 47. [0039] 本发明中的水循环组件中可以设有进水水泵32,进水电磁阀与排水管4B相连接的内置储水盒33,水过滤器35,水质提纯器36、与水质提纯器旁路管电磁阀相连接的水质提纯器旁路管通断控制继电器41,以及与水质提纯器旁路管通断控制继电器41相连接的水质提纯器旁路管受控制器直接控制的前置继电器42,水质提纯器旁路管与水质提纯器相并联,平时旁路管导通,水不流经水质提纯器,当按下控制面板的内循环按钮后,旁路管内的电磁阀就在旁路管控制继电器和中压通断前置继电器的和控制器的控制下关闭,水就流经水质提纯器了。 [0039] The present invention may be provided with water circulation pump assembly 32, inlet valve and drain 4B is connected to the built-in storage boxes 33, 35 water filters, water purification 36, next to the water quality purifier Water purification bypass pipe on-off control relay channel tube 41 connected to the solenoid valve, and a bypass pipe and water quality purifier Water purification off control relay bypass pipe 41 that is connected to the direct control of the pre-relay controller 42, water purification bypass duct in parallel with the water quality purifier, usually bypass tube is turned on, the water does not flow through the water quality purifier, when you press the button on the control panel of the inner loop, the solenoid valve bypass tube right next way of control relays and the front lower control pressure off the relay and the controller is closed, the water flowing through the water quality purifier.

[0040] 本发明中通过主电源板或加热、制冷器器电源板输出的12伏至24伏电压统称为中压,本发明控制器12与半导体冷热片电压极性转换前置继电器组和相应模组37相连接,半导体冷热片电压极性转换前置继电器组和相应模组37与半导体冷热片电压极性转换控制继电器组和相应模组38相连接,38再与半导体冷热片相连接进行半导体片冷热功能转换;本发明可以在发制器主体外设有外置储水、排水箱44,进水管、排水管分别与其相连接,进水管也可以与自来水相连接。 [0040] The present invention through the main power board or heating, 12 volts to 24 volts refrigerators Power board collectively referred to as the output voltage, the present invention controller 12 and the semiconductor chip voltage polarity switch cold front relay group and corresponding module 37 is connected to the semiconductor chip voltage polarity switch cold front relay group and the corresponding module 37 and the semiconductor chip voltage cold polar groups and corresponding conversion control relay module 38 is connected to 38 and then with the semiconductor hot and cold chip semiconductor chip is connected to the hot and cold function conversion; the present invention can be prepared in the hair body outside the external storage, drainage tank 44, into the water, drains connected thereto, respectively, the inlet pipe can be connected to the tap water. 本发明还设有与控制器12相连接的水流传感器40,温度传感器45、水温和水位传感器47、防干烧器43。 The present invention is also a flow sensor and controller 12 connected to 40, the temperature sensor 45, water temperature and water level sensors 47, 43 anti-dry.

[0041] 以上的几种受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器和受中压前置继电器控制的通断控制继电器,依产品不同还可以合成一个综合继电器46,一个综合继电器46就能完成从控制器的单片机发出的指令直接控制加热器、制冷器、水循环和电磁阀的工作与否及通断。 [0041] Several more directly controlled by the control pressure off the relay and by pre-pressure front off control relay control relay, according to different products can also be integrated into one relay 46, 46 on an integrated relay to complete the instruction issued from the micro-controller directly controls the heater, cooler, the water cycle and the solenoid valves and on-off work or not.

[0042] 实施列: [0042] The columns:

当使用本发明所提供的海参发制器实现海参泡发时,向发制容器5内适当添水后把干海参或盐溃海参放入,再把发制容器放置于发制腔内盖上盖,插上电源线按下操作面板的电源键,发制器主体I通电,操作面板2上的功能指示灯和功能按键开始闪烁,根据海参的头数大小和种类按下相应的海参发制按键后,比如按下淡干80头键,除了此键和对应指示灯亮外其他按键和指示灯熄灭,操作面板显示屏给出文字提示“80头海参开始发制”,如果按下发制键开始工作后忘记加水水温和水位传感器在开始工作时就没有水位指示、开始工作后也没有温度变化指示,那么发制器就自动启动进水装置进行加水,加水后若水位还低则发出水位不到的声音、灯光和显示屏报警提示,报警后关闭加热器之后还连续报警提 When using the present invention provides a system implemented after sea cucumber sea cucumber bubble when to send in the appropriate container 5 add water to dry salt sea cucumber or sea cucumber into the collapse, and then placed in a container made emptive cavity covered with lid , plug in the power cord of the operation panel power button is pressed, I powered body hair system, operator panel features LEDs and function keys start flashing 2, based on the size and number of head sea cucumber species of sea cucumber pressing the corresponding button system After, for example, press 80 keys light dry, in addition to this key and the corresponding indicator light outside the other buttons and lights off, the control panel display text prompts are given "80 sea cucumber begin" system, if you press the send button to start the system After working forget to add water of moderate water level sensor at the beginning of the work, there is no level indication, no temperature change is indicated by the start of work, then the hair system it automatically starts the water means water, add water if the water level is also less than the low water level is issued sound, lighting and display alarm, the alarm after closing the heater also mention continuous alarm

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[0043] 下面以80头淡干海参为例介绍一下海参发制过程。 [0043] The following 80 short dry sea cucumber sea cucumber example to introduce the system process. 整个过程分为三个阶段:1海参泡制阶段、2海参煮焖及短暂泡制阶段、3海参发制阶段 The whole process is divided into three phases: Phase 1 cucumber cook, 2 cucumber stew and cook briefly cook phase, 3 phase system of sea cucumber

第一阶段:海参泡制阶段,24小时。 The first stage: cook cucumber stage, 24 hours. 发制前加入的水温通常在5至30C,发制开始后过了一定时间开启加热装置把水温逐渐加热到40度再停止加热,之后当水温降到35度后又启动加热器把水温提高到40度,一直把水温保持在这个范围内。 Hair system before adding the water temperature is usually 5 to 30 C, hair system over a certain period of time after the start of the heating device to turn on the water temperature was gradually heated to 40 degrees and then stop heating, then when the temperature dropped to 35 degrees and then start the heater water temperature up to 40 degrees, the water temperature has been maintained within this range. 到了12小时自动换水,换水后水温降低了,低于35度,启动加热装置对液体进行加热到40度停止加热,当液体温度降到35度时再启动加热装置进行加热。 To automatically change the water for 12 hours, changing the water after the water temperature is reduced below 35 degrees, activation of the heating means for heating the liquid to 40 degrees to stop heating, when the liquid temperature to 35 degrees and then start the heating means for heating. 重复上面加热过程,接近24小时启动换水装置,换水完毕后泡制阶段结束。 Repeat the above heating process, nearly 24 hours to start changing the water means the end of the brewing stage is completed after changing the water.

[0044] 第二阶段:煮焖及短暂泡制,24小时。 [0044] The second stage: cook stew and cook briefly, for 24 hours. 海参泡制阶段结束后,开启加热装置把容器内液体煮沸,煮沸20分钟后停止加热进行焖制,焖制20分钟后进入降温阶段,由水循环系统加水和制冷器进行逐渐降温到5度,降温之后进入到短暂泡制阶段,之后容器内的液体温度会逐渐升高,当升高到10度时自动开启制冷装置进行制冷,当容器内液体的温度又到了5度时自动关闭制冷,如此反复。 After the sea cucumber brewing stage, turn the heating means to a container of liquid to boil, boil for 20 minutes after heating stew, stew 20 minutes after entering the cooling stage, add the water and the cooling water system is carried out gradually cooled to 5 degrees, cooling After entering into a short brewing stage, after the liquid temperature inside the container will be gradually increased, rising to 10 degrees when automatic opening refrigerating apparatus for cooling, when the temperature of the liquid in the container and to automatically shut down when the 5 degrees cooling, and so forth . 距第一次煮沸接近12小时接着换水,换水后直接煮沸20分钟,之后焖制20分钟,之后进入降温阶段启动换水装置和制冷装置进行降温,下面就接着重复上述过程。 From first boiled and then change the water nearly 12 hours, changing the water 20 minutes after boiling directly, then stew for 20 minutes after entering the cooling stage start changing the water system for cooling and refrigeration equipment, the following then repeat the process. 接近24小时换水,换水后第二阶段结束。 Change the water nearly 24 hours, changing the water after the end of the second stage.

[0045] 第三阶段:发制,48小时。 [0045] The third stage: hair system, 48 hours. 启动制冷装置进行降温,一直把水温降到3度,停止制冷,当过了一段时间后水温升高到6度时再次启动制冷装置把水温降到3度,如此一直循环往复把水温保持在3度至6度之间。 Start the cooling unit to cool until the temperature dropped to 3 degrees, stop cooling, over a period of time when the water temperature rises to 6 degrees again to start the refrigeration unit the temperature dropped to 3 degrees, so the cycle has been maintained at the temperature 3 degrees to 6 degrees. 每12小时加水一次,加水后再启动降温装置把水温降到3度,一直保持在3度至6度之间,程序如此反复几次。 Water once every 12 hours, add water and start the cooling device the temperature dropped to 3 degrees, it has remained at between 3 to 6 degrees, the program so repeated several times. 48小时后发制结束,海参就发制好了。 48 hours after the end of the hair system, sea cucumbers on the hair system better.

[0046] 海参发制好以后,发制器就自动发出海参发制好的声、光、屏信号提示取出海参。 [0046] After a good sea cucumber hair system, hair system will automatically send sea cucumber is a good system of sound, light, panel signal to remind out cucumber. 如果8小时内没有取出海参关闭发制器,则到了8小时时控制器自动启动制冷装置把容器内温度降到零下5度,然后关闭制冷器,当温度升高到零下2度时又开启制冷器降到零下5度,循环往复保持在一2度至一5度之间。 If not removed within eight hours of sea cucumber hair system is shut down, then to eight hours the controller automatically starts when the refrigeration unit to the vessel temperature dropped to minus 5 degrees, and then close the cooler, when the temperature rises to 2 degrees below zero time and open cooling is dropped to minus 5 degrees, the cycle is held between a 2 degrees to 5 degrees one. 要说明的是根据海参质量不同、头数不同和含盐量不同每种发制程序的以上三个阶段的时间、温度都不同,水温等各项数值也有变化。 It is noted that depending on the quality of sea cucumber, different head count and the three different stages of the salt content of each hair system program time, temperature are different, the water temperature and other values have changed.

[0047] 下面说说海参发制器选择好一个发制程序后,三个发制阶段的控制过程:(不以综合继电器为例,只以两个继电器控制方法来说明控制过程。第一阶段海参泡制加热也可以用电磁盘主加热器进行加热,但为了说明冷热片的冷热转换功能下面只用冷热片作为第一阶段的加热器,第二阶段的加热用电磁盘加热器加热。本例使用双冷热片,一个A片功能是在第一阶段先加热,从第二阶段就极性转换之后再制冷,另一个B片只作为制冷功能使用。) After the [0047] Here to talk about sea cucumber prepared to choose a good one-emptive procedure, the control process in three stages :( emptive integrated relay as an example not only to the two relays control method described control process. The first stage cook cucumber disk main heater electric heating can also be heated, but in order to illustrate the cold hot sheet conversion function only under hot and cold plate as the first phase of the heater, the second stage of heating electric heater disk heating. This example uses double cold tablets, a A slice function is first heated in the first stage, the second stage after polarity reversal and then cooling, another B tablets used as a cooling function only.)

第一阶段海参泡制,24小时:发制器容器内加水后按下开始键开始发制,用加入的自然水温浸泡一段时间后,控制器向半导体冷热片A受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器发出吸合指令,该继电器吸合后输出中压,中压加到半导体冷热片A通断控制继电器控制端,该继电器吸合后把工作电压加到半导体冷热片A,半导体冷热片A开始“加热”,发制容器中水温开始逐渐上升。 The first phase of sea cucumber cook, 24 hours: In-emptive vessel with water and press the start button to start hair system, with added natural temperature soak after a period of time, the controller directly controlled by the controller to the semiconductor chip A hot and cold Pre-press-off relay instructions issued pull the relay after the output voltage, the voltage is applied to the semiconductor chip A hot-off control relay control terminal, the relay is energized after the operating voltage is applied to the semiconductor cold tablets A, a semiconductor chip A cold start "heating", made container, the water temperature began to rise. 海参泡制阶段加热方式是有两种:一种是温度连续上升加热方式;一种是温度间隔式上升方式。 Cook cucumber heating stage is two: one is a continuous rise in the temperature of the heating mode; one is the rise in temperature interval type way. 本例只举温度连续上升方式来说明。 For this example, the temperature of the continuous rise only way to explain. (温度间隔上升方式:发制容器里的水温从开始加热的水温到加热的最高温度之间每隔几度选一个温度点,总共选若干个温度点来完成整个升温过程,在每个温度点都持续一定时间,所有温度点的温度保持的时间就是整个泡制时间)。 (Rise in temperature interval mode: the temperature inside the container made from the start of heating water temperature to a maximum temperature between the heated election every few degrees of temperature point, the election of several temperature points in total to complete the heating process at each temperature will persist for some time, the temperature of the temperature all the time point is maintained throughout the brewing time). 下面具体说明控制步骤:开始加热后,发制容器内的水温温度逐渐上升,控制器已经设定好了一个温度点40度,水温到该达温度点时,控制器就向半导体冷热片A受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器发出断电指令,该继电器关断了提供给半导体冷热片A通断控制继电器的控制端中压,通断控制继电器释放,关断了半导体加热块A的工作电压,半导体加热块A停止工作,过了一段时间,水温低于温度点后若干度后比如规定35度,控制器又向前置继电器发出通电指令,该继电器闭合,中压输出到半导体冷热片A通断控制继电器控制端,继电器闭合,向半导体加热块A输出工作电压,半导体加热块开始加热,发制容器内的水温逐渐上升,等水温到了温度点40度时,温度传感器向控制器发出信号,控制器向中压通断前置继电器发出断电指令,前置继电器关断中压输出,随之冷热块A控制继电器也关断了半导体冷热片A工作电压,半导体冷热片A就停止了加热,依此方式类推,在35度至40度之间控制器不断控制半导体冷热片A的反复加热通断,水温到了温度点40度就关断继电器使半导体加热块A停止加热;水温到了35度时就吸合继电器让半导体冷热片A再对发制容器加热,以后加热保温控制过程都与此相同不再详说。 Specify below control step: after the start of heating, the temperature inside the container temperature hair gradually increased, the controller has been set a temperature point of 40 degrees, the water temperature to the point of temperature, the controller of the semiconductor chip A hot and cold that is controlled directly by control pressure off the pre-relay off instruction issue, it shuts off the relay supplied to the semiconductor chip A hot-off control of the control terminal of the relay pressure, on-off control relay release, shut off the semiconductor A working voltage of the heating block, block A semiconductor heating stopped working, over a period of time, such as water temperature below the temperature point after a predetermined number of degrees of 35 degrees, the controller ED issued pre-relay is energized instruction, the relay closes, the pressure output to the semiconductor chip A hot-off control relay control terminal, the relay is closed, the heating block A semiconductor output voltage, semiconductor heating block begins to heat, the temperature inside the container made gradually rises, the water temperature to 40 degrees temperature point, temperature sensor sends a signal to the controller, the controller off pressure to issue a pre-relay off instruction, pre-shutdown relay pressure output, along with hot and cold block A control relays are also turned off the semiconductor chip A hot work voltage, the semiconductor chip A hot and cold stopped heating mode so forth, between 35 degrees and 40 degrees controller continues to control the repeated heating of the semiconductor chip A-off hot and cold water temperature of 40 degrees to the temperature point shut off the relay A semiconductor heating block to stop heating; the water temperature to 35 degrees to pull the relay so that the semiconductor chip A hot issue again heated container, after heating insulation and the same control processes are not into that. 反复如此,水温就维持了在了温度点附近。 So again, the water temperature is maintained at a temperature near the point. 这期间水温传感器随时把水温数据传递给控制器不断进行以上控制。 Any time during which the water temperature sensor temperature data to the controller continuously over control. 下面的加热、制冷和温度保持原理都如此,以后就都不再一一细说。 The following heating, cooling and temperature maintained principles are so, since you are not going to elaborate.

[0048] 快到12小时发制器开始自动换水,自动换水分两种:一种是用内置储水盒进行内循环,进水电磁阀打开,水泵抽水,水质提纯器旁路管电磁阀受控关断,水流经水质提纯器提纯后被抽入到发制容器内,发制容器内陈水流出到内置储水盒;二种是用外置储水箱、排水箱或自来水,用外置水源时水质提纯器旁路管电磁阀导通,水流绕过了水质提纯器,水质提纯器不工作,水从外部抽进来通过滤水装置过滤后流进发制容器,发制容器内的陈水外排,形成不封闭的水循环。 [0048] coming 12 hours emptive starts automatically changing the water, wrap the water in two ways: one is to use the built-in storage boxes be inside the loop, inlet valve open, pump the water, water purification bypass pipe valve controlled shutdown, the water flow through the water quality purifier purification after being drawn into the inner hair container, the container Chen hair system to the built-in storage boxes flowing out; two is to use an external tank, drain tank or running water, outer When set to purify water quality bypass line solenoid valve is turned on, the water bypasses the water quality purifier, water purification does not work, the water pumped from the outside to come in through the filtration device filtration flow moving container, send the container system Chen Shui efflux to form a closed water cycle is not. 本例换水用外部水箱,水质提纯器不工作,控制过程如下:控制器向进水电磁阀和水泵中压前置继电器发出吸合指令,该继电器吸合后向控制继电器输出中压,控制继电器吸合,经控制继电器输出的工作电压加到了进水电磁阀和进水水泵上,进水电磁阀打开,水泵抽水,水流经过进水电磁阀、进水水泵、滤水器,进水管,发制容器进水口,进入到发制容器内,发制容器内水面升高,经发制容器排水嘴进入到排水管之后排出。 Changing the water in this case with an external tank, water purification does not work, the control process is as follows: Pre-relays to control pressure inlet valve and pump close command is issued, the relay output to control relay after pressure pull control relay, relay outputs operate via the control voltage is applied on the inlet valve and the water pump, inlet valve open, pump the water, water flow through the inlet valve, water pumps, water filters, water inlet pipe, Hair container inlet, into the exhaust system after send the container, the container surface emptive rise, Economic Development drainage container mouth into the drain. 换水至IJ 了设定时间,控制器向进水电磁阀和水泵受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器发出断电指令,控制继电器输入端失去中压,控制继电器输出端释放,就关断了工作电压,进水电磁阀关断、进水水泵停止抽水,自动换水完毕,以后的换水与此相同就不再详细说明控制过程,只说自动换水开始,自动换水完毕。 * Change to IJ set time, the controller directly controlled by the controller pressure off power to issue pre-relay command, control relay inputs to lose pressure, the control relay output to release the inlet valve and the water pump, shut down the operating voltage, the inlet valve is turned off, the water pump stops pumping, automatic water exchange is completed, after changing the water and the same control process will not described in detail, saying only that the automatic water change starts automatic water change completed. 以上换水程序结束后发制容器内的水温发生了变化,水温降低了(加入的是常温水一般低于35度),受控制器的指令半导体冷热片A启动,一直把水温加热到换水前水温温度点40度,这样换水后又回到泡制阶段升温程序。 After completion of the above procedure to change the water temperature in the container-emptive changed, reducing the temperature (room temperature water added is generally less than 35 degrees), by the controller instruction semiconductor chip A hot and cold start, it has been heated to a temperature change before the water temperature point temperature 40 degrees, so changing the water temperature program and then return to the brewing stage. 当水温上升到水温设定点时,控制器对半导体冷热片A受控制器直接控制中压通断前置继电器发出断电指令,中压输出中断,导致半导体冷热片A通断继电器的控制电压断电,继电器由吸合变为断开停止为半导体冷热片A提供工作电压,半导体冷热片A停止加热,一直把水温保持在35度至40度之间。 When the water temperature rises to the temperature set point, the controller of the semiconductor chip A hot and cold pressure directly controlled by the controller off pre-relay off instruction issue, the pressure output interruption, resulting in a semiconductor chip A hot-off relay control voltage power failure, the relay is turned off to stop the pull cold tablets A semiconductor provide operating voltage, the semiconductor chip A hot and cold stop heating, has been maintained at a temperature between 35 degrees to 40 degrees. 快到了24小时的时候又启动换水程序,换水后关闭,第一阶段海参泡制结束。 Coming 24 hours changing the water when they start the program after changing the water turned off, the first phase is over cucumber cook.

[0049] 第二阶段、海参煮焖及短暂泡制阶段24小时: [0049] The second phase, sea cucumber boiled stew and cook briefly stage 24 hours:

控制器启动电磁盘主加热装置,向电磁盘加热器的前置继电器输出工作指令,该继电器输出控制中压到控制继电器输入端,控制继电器吸合输出工作电压到电磁盘加热器,电磁盘加热器工作把水加热到沸腾。 Disk controller starts electric heating unit, front relay outputs work orders to the electric heater disk, the relay output control voltage to the control input of the relay, control relay output operating voltage to the electric disk heater, electric heating disk working the water was heated to boiling. 沸腾持续20分钟后,控制器向电磁盘前置继电器发出断电指令,前置继电器断开,随之电磁盘加热通断控制继电器断开,电磁盘加热器停止加热进入焖制阶段,焖制时间20分钟。 Boil for 20 minutes, the controller will send power to the electrical relay instruction disk front, front relay opens, followed by electrical disk heating-off control relay disconnected electric disk heater stops heating stage into the stew, stew 20 minutes. 从第二阶段以后不用冷热片A加热了只用来制冷,这时就启动冷热片A电压极性转换程序:控制器向冷热片A极性转换控制前置继电器发出吸合指令,前置继电器闭合输出中压到极性转换控制继电器再加到转换模组,电压极性就转换完毕,以后的冷热片A就转为制冷功能了,等待最后发制完成发制器关闭之前再自动转换回加热功能。 After the second stage from the cold without heating the sheet A only used for cooling, then start cold tablets A voltage polarity conversion process: Pre relay controller issued instructions to pull cold tablets A polar conversion, Pre relay output pressure to the polarity switching control relay module coupled to convert the voltage polarity on the conversion is completed, after the cold sheet A shifted to the cooling function, and wait for the final emptive complete hair system is switched off before then automatically converted back to heating. 待焖制持续到预定时间后结束后,如果容器内的水温高于设定的短暂泡制温度,就自动启动换水装置进行降温,把温度降到设定温度,换水后水温仍没有降到设定温度就关闭换水装置启动制冷装置再进行制冷降温:控制器向A、B两个半导体冷热片受控制器直接控制的中压通断前置继电器分别发出通电指令,两个前置继电器吸合,各自输出中压到各自的半导体冷热片通断控制继电器的控制端,两个控制继电器吸合,各自输出工作电压到各自的半导体冷热片,两个半导体冷热片共同开始制冷,经过一段时间以后,发制容器内的水温降到设定的较低温度比如15度,关闭制冷装置。 Until stew until a predetermined time after the end of the container if the water temperature is higher than the short brewing temperature setting, changing the water system automatically starts to cool, the temperature dropped to set temperature, after changing the water temperature is still not drop change the water temperature is close to the set start cooling device for cooling the cooling device again: Controller Controller directly controlled by the pressure off the pre-relay to A, B two power-semiconductor hot and cold sheet issued instructions, the two former were Set relay, each output voltage to the respective semiconductor cold slice off control relay control terminal, two control relay, each output operating voltage to the respective semiconductor cold tablets, two semiconductor chip common cold start cooling, after a period of time, hair system low temperature water temperature in the container is set down to 15 degrees for example, closed cooling system. 过一段时间后水温会慢慢升高,比如水温升高到17度就又开启制冷装置进行制冷到15度,在这之后的较长时间里控制器就会反复指令半导体冷热片反复通断,让水温基本保持在15度至17度之间。 Water temperature will slowly rise after some time, such as the water temperature rises to 17 degrees on the open refrigeration apparatus and cooling to 15 degrees, in a long time after that will be repeated in the controller repeated the instruction of the semiconductor chip through the hot and cold off, so that the temperature remained at between 15 degrees to 17 degrees. 这期间快到了设定时间12小时,启动换水装置开始换水,换水后关断换水装置,第一次煮焖及短暂泡制结束。 This set-up time during the coming 12 hours, changing the water start device starts changing the water, changing the water after changing the water shut-off device, the end of the first cook stew and cook briefly. 接着再次启动电磁盘加热器加热到沸腾20分钟,之后关断加热器进行焖制,焖制20分钟后自动启动换水装置和制冷装置进行降温,把水温降到短暂泡制温度点如15度,循环往复,之后不断的保持水温在15度至17度。 Then again start electric disk heater 20 minutes to boil, then turn off the heater stew, stew automatically start changing the water system for cooling and refrigeration equipment for 20 minutes, the temperature dropped to the point as short brewing temperature 15 degrees , cycle, after constantly keep the water temperature at 15 degrees to 17 degrees. 接近24小时开始换水,换水后第二阶段结束,就进入到了下一个发制阶段。 Nearly 24 hours start changing the water, changing the water after the end of the second stage, to enter into the next stage emptive.

[0050] 3、海参发制阶段48小时: [0050] 3, cucumber hair system phase 48 hours:

启动降温装置,温度降到发制阶段的温度点比如3度时关断制冷装置,之后逐渐升温,比如升温到6度就又启动降温程序把温度降到3度,如此往复就把发制阶段的温度控制在一个较低的范围内。 Start cooling device, the temperature drops to a temperature such as point-emptive stage 3 degrees off the cooling device, then gradually warming, such as raised to 6 degrees on the program and start to cool down the temperature of 3 degrees, and so forth put emptive stage The temperature control in a lower range. 期间每隔12小时就会启动换水装置,每次换水后关闭换水装置再次启动降温装置进行降温,水温依然会回到温度点,一直维持水温在3度至6度。 Means it will start changing the water every 12 hours, each time changing the water system shut down again after changing the water starts cooling device for cooling, the water temperature will still return to the temperature point, the water temperature has been maintained at 3 degrees to 6 degrees. 一直持续48小时,海参发制阶段完成。 It lasted 48 hours, cucumber hair system stages.

[0051] 至此整个的海参发制的控制过程就结束了。 [0051] At this point the whole process of sea cucumber control system over.

[0052]以上的每次加热、泡发、换水、煮沸、焖煮、发制、冷藏、冷冻等都会在操作面板上面通过指示灯、声音提示或显示屏给予显示,发制阶段结束后,整个海参泡发工作就结束了,海参可以拿出食用。 [0052] or more each heat, bubble, change the water, boil, simmer, hair system, chilled, frozen, etc. will be in the control panel on top of the indicators, which give voice prompts or the display shows the end of the hair system stage, the whole bubble of sea cucumber work is finished, sea cucumber can come eat.

[0053] 如果海参发制好了,而未把海参拿出,本发明还会接着进行冷冻保存,冷冻温度在—5度至一2C,冷冻控制过程如下:启动制冷装置,对发制容器内的水进行降温,当达到预定的冷冻温度点时比如一5度就停止降温,当温度升高到—2度时又启动制冷器制冷到一5度。 [0053] If the sea cucumber made good, but not out of the sea cucumber, the present invention will then be frozen, the freezing temperature of -5 degrees to a 2 C, frozen control process is as follows: start cooling means for hair system water container for cooling, freezing when the temperature reaches a predetermined point, such as a 5 degrees to stop cooling, when the temperature rises to -2 degrees cooler cooling time and start to a 5 degrees. 反复如此,这样控制器就不断地对冷热片进行开停控制,让冷冻温度保持在一个恒定范围,这样就实现了冷冻的功能。 So again, this controller constantly on the hot sheet and off for control, so that the freezing temperature is kept at a constant range, thus achieving a freeze function. 冷冻几天后自动关机。 Automatic shutdown freeze a few days. 要说明的是在关机前按照设定程序把冷热片A的电压极性又转换到加热方式,为下次发制做好准备。 It is noted that in accordance with the set procedures before shutting down the hot sheet A voltage polarity and switched to heating mode, ready for the next hair system.

[0054] 本发明是将加热换水和制冷几种功能集于一身的电器,能自动达到煮沸和冷冻两种极限功能,能连续做到对食物的浸泡、加热、煮沸、蒸煮、保温、冷藏、冷冻等多种功能,而且还能在此工作期间自动换水,这是其他所有电器所不具备的,本发明可以在加热器和被加热的发制器主体之间加了一层保温材料,加热是要求加热源和发制容器之间有很好的传热功能,而加热源要散热必须外露所以就形成至少加热源加热位置是传热的,制冷是要求整个发制容器或发制器主体是保温的,不允许有散热处,否则不但浪费能源,而且很可能达不到制冷效果,所以,既要在加热处能通过能量加热容器中水,也要能保温保证制冷效果,本发明在加热源电磁盘和发制容器之间放了一层保温板,既可以通过加热时电磁盘发出的电磁波在制冷时也能起到保温作用。 [0054] The present invention is to change the water heating and cooling of several in-one appliance that can automatically reach boiling and freezing two limiting function, can achieve continuous immersion of food, heating, boiling, cooking, heat, refrigeration , freezing and other functions, and can automatically change the water during this work, which is all other appliances are not available, the present invention may be between the heater and heated body-emptive add a layer of insulation material , heat source and heat is the requirement emptive good heat transfer function between the container and the heating source to heat the formation to be exposed so the location is at least a heating source heating heat, the cooling requirements of the entire hair is hair made container or body is insulated, does not allow the heat at or only a waste of energy, but it may not reach the cooling effect, therefore, it is necessary to pass energy heats the water in the heating of the vessel, but also to ensure the cooling effect can insulation, this invention between the electrical heating source disk and put a layer of fat container insulation board, either through electromagnetic waves emitted by the heating power disk can also play a holding role in cooling.

Kutipan Paten
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Klasifikasi
Klasifikasi InternasionalA23L17/00
Klasifikasi GabunganA23L17/00
Peristiwa Hukum
TanggalKodePeristiwaDeskripsi
6 Ags 2014C06Publication
3 Sep 2014C10Entry into substantive examination
11 Nov 2015C14Grant of patent or utility model