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Paten

  1. Penelusuran Paten Lanjutan
Nomor publikasiCN101692797 A
Jenis publikasiPenerapan
Nomor aplikasiCN 200910197296
Tanggal publikasi14 Apr 2010
Tanggal pengajuan16 Okt 2009
Tanggal prioritas16 Okt 2009
Juga dipublikasikan sebagaiCN101692797B
Nomor publikasi200910197296.X, CN 101692797 A, CN 101692797A, CN 200910197296, CN-A-101692797, CN101692797 A, CN101692797A, CN200910197296, CN200910197296.X
Penemu吴凡, 王健, 郁蔚文
Pemohon中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所;
Ekspor KutipanBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Tautan Eksternal:  SIPO, Espacenet
Device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm
CN 101692797 A
Abstrak
The invention relates to a device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm. The device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm is characterized in that a debonding agent trough (19) is provided with a water inlet pipe (18); the bottom of the debonding agent trough (19) is provided with a discharging agent pipe (14) and an aerator (15); the bottom of the debonding and cleaning trough (19) is provided with a material discharging pipe (4) and an aeration ring (3); the upper edge of the debonding and cleaning trough (19) is provided with a screen ring (20) and the periphery thereof is provided with an overflow ring trough (22); the bottom of the overflow ring trough (22) is provided with a water inlet pipe (2); the upper opening of the screen ring (20) is provided with a oosperm inlet (21); an oosperm collecting internal trough (7) is provided with an arc-shaped bottom; the upper periphery is provided with a screen (5); an oosperm collecting external trough (6) is a provided with a conical bottom (10), the center of which is connected with a drainage pipe (11); a sieve pore shelf (9) is provided with the aeration ring pipe (8); and the discharging agent pipe (14) of the debonding agent trough (19) is connected with the debonding and cleaning trough (1) at high attitude by a water pump (13), and the lower part thereof is connected with the upper opening of the oosperm collecting trough by the material discharging pipe (4). In the invention, standardization of the debonding and cleaning procedure of the oosperm can be ensured, the automation can be realized, the damage rate of the oosperm can be reduced, the labor intensity can be decreased and the water can be saved.
Klaim(5)  diterjemahkan dari bahasa China
  1. 鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征在于:所述装备包括脱粘剂槽(19)、脱粘清洗槽(1)和集卵槽三大部分;所述脱粘剂槽(19)为一上口敞开的筒体或箱体,上方设置进水管(18),底部设有排放口(16)、排剂管(14)和暴气器(15);所述脱粘清洗槽(19)呈圆底锅状或圆锥底锅状,脱粘清洗槽(19)底部中央设置出料管(4),并架空水平设置一暴气环(3),在脱粘清洗槽(19)的上沿口安装一个底圆直径和脱粘清洗槽(19)的上沿口相同的锥形筛网环(20),在筛网环(20)的外周边为一圈溢流环槽(22),溢流环槽(22)的底部开设进出水管(2),锥形筛网环(20)的上口为受精卵放入口(21);所述集卵槽为集卵内槽(7)和集卵外槽(6)双层结构,集卵内槽(7)具有圆弧形平底,上部周边为网筛(5);集卵外槽(6)为锥形底(10),锥形底(10)中心连接排水管(11),在锥形口设置筛孔搁板(9),在筛孔搁板(9)上设置暴气环管(8),集卵内槽(7)搁置在集卵外槽(6)锥形口的筛孔搁板(9)上;脱粘剂槽(19)的排剂管(14)由水泵(13)连接至位于高位的脱粘清洗槽(1),脱粘清洗槽(1)的下部由出料管(4)连接至集卵槽的上口。 Fish fertilized debonding cleaning equipment, characterized in that: the equipment includes debonder groove (19), debonding cleaning tank (1) and set the eggs trough three parts; the debonder groove (19) of a catchy open cylinder or box, set above the inlet (18), at the bottom with a discharge port (16), discharge refrigerant pipe (14) and boldness (15); said debonding cleaning tank (19 ) cylindrical or conical bottom end of the pot-shaped pot-shaped, debonding cleaning tank (19) provided at the bottom center of the discharge tube (4), and set up a storm overhead horizontal gas ring (3), the debonding cleaning tank (19) bead installed on the diameter and the debonding cleaning tank (19) a bottom conical sieve same bead ring (20), the screen ring (20) of the outer periphery of the circle overflow annular groove (22 ), the bottom of the overflow annular groove (22) opening access to water (2), conical sieve ring (20) is catchy as the fertilized egg into the opening (21); the collection of eggs in the tank for the collection of eggs groove ( (6) 7-layer structure), and an outer groove set eggs, egg collection groove (7) having a circular arc-shaped flat bottom, a mesh screen surrounding the upper portion (5); egg collection outer groove (6) is conical bottom (10) , conical bottom (10) center joint drainage (11), set mesh shelves (9) in a conical opening, set boldness collar (8) in mesh shelves (9), the collection of eggs in the groove (7) set aside in the egg outside the groove (6) conical sieve opening shelves (9); debonder groove (19) of discharge refrigerant pipe (14) connected by a water pump (13) to a position off highs the lower portion sticky washing tank (1), debonding cleaning tank (1) from the discharge pipe (4) to set the eggs catchy grooves.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求l所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是所述网筛(5)和筛网环(20)的孔径为60至80目。 2. The claim l debonding the fertilized fish cleaning equipment, wherein said mesh screen (5) and screen ring (20) a pore size of 60-80 mesh.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是: 由所述脱粘清洗槽(1)底面架空1厘米高度设置一暴气环(3);所述脱粘剂槽(1)底部以均布方式设置暴气器(15);所述集卵外槽(6)锥形底(10)上搁置的筛孔搁板(9)为冲孔搁板。 According to claim 1 debonding fertilized fish cleaning equipment, characterized in that: the height set by the debonding cleaning tank (1) 1 centimeter a violent underside of the overhead gas ring (3); the debonder (1) The bottom of the tank to the boldness of uniform manner (15); the collection of eggs outside the groove (6) hold conical bottom (10) mesh shelves (9) of punching a shelf.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求l所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是所述脱粘剂槽(19)、脱粘清洗槽(1)和集卵槽之间由管路(12)和阀门(17)进行连接和接通、关闭。 Fish zygote according to claim off the sticky cleaning equipment l, wherein said debonder groove (19), debonding cleaning bath by a line between (1) and set the eggs groove (12) and valve (17) connected and turned on, turn off.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求l所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是所述脱粘剂槽(19)、脱粘清洗槽(1)和集卵槽之间由管路(12)和阀门(17)进行连接,所述阀门(17)为电磁阀,由计算机按规定的时间和次序开启和关闭各电磁阀。 According to claim fertilized fish off the sticky cleaning equipment l, wherein said debonder groove (19), debonding cleaning bath by a line between (1) and egg collection tank (12) and valve (17) is connected, the valve (17) is a solenoid valve, according to the time and order of the provisions of the opening and closing the solenoid valve controlled by the computer.
Deskripsi  diterjemahkan dari bahasa China

鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备 Fish fertilized debonding cleaning equipment

(一) 技术领域 (A) Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及鱼类受精卵孵化的装置设备,特别是涉及便于采用自动化控制的一种 [0001] The present invention relates to a fish hatching of plant equipment, particularly to facilitate the use of an automated control

鱼类粘性受精卵进行脱粘清洗的装置设备。 Fish viscosity means the fertilized egg debonding cleaning equipment.

(二) 背景技术 (B) Background Art

[0002] 鱼类受精卵孵化是整个繁殖工作中最重要的环节之一,必须根据影响胚胎发育的环境条件选择适当的孵化方法,人工调控孵化环境,精心管理,保证胚胎能够正常发育,才能达到提高孵化率与出苗率的目的。 [0002] Hatching fish breeding work throughout one of the most important aspects, you must select the appropriate method based on embryonic development incubator environmental conditions, manual control incubation environment, careful management to ensure the normal development of the embryo in order to achieve improve hatchability and Emergence purposes.

[0003] 相当品种鱼类的受精卵为粘性卵,人工采卵授精取得的粘性受精卵,如要进行孵化缸、孵化环道流水孵化,提高孵化率,必须先经脱粘处理,具体脱粘方法如下:一种为泥浆脱粘法,先将黄泥晒干磨成粉,使用时将黄泥粉与水混合成泥浆水,用80目筛网过滤后,人工用手不停地搅动泥浆水,并将受精卵慢慢倒入不断搅动的泥浆水中脱粘。 [0003] considerable variety of fish fertilized egg as a viscous, sticky artificial insemination get fertilized ovum, if you want to hatch tank, incubation Ring Road water incubation, hatching rate increase must be processed through debonding, concrete debonding as follows: one for the mud debonding method, first Wong dried and ground into powder, mixed Wong when using flour and water into a slurry of water, with a 80 mesh screen filter, the artificial hand stirring constantly mud water, and the fertilized eggs slowly, stirring constantly pour muddy water debonding. 连续搅动泥浆水十几分钟,然后将泥浆水连同受精卵一起放在筛网上滤去泥浆,筛出鱼卵,用清水清洗干净受精卵,计数后放入孵化器中孵化。 Continuous agitation muddy water ten minutes, and then the muddy water along with the fertilized egg together in the sieve filtered mud, weed out eggs, fertilized eggs cleaned with water, after counting into the incubator hatching. 另一种为滑石粉脱粘法,用滑石粉加食盐溶于水中制成悬浮液,然后将受精卵慢慢倒入,不断搅拌滑石粉悬浮液,约10多分钟后即可达到脱粘效果,如果一次脱粘效果不理想,可再重复做一次。 Another talc debonding method, using talcum powder, add salt dissolved in water to form a suspension, and then slowly into the fertilized egg, stirring constantly talcum suspension, can achieve the effect of debonding about 10 minutes later If a debonding effect is not ideal, may be repeated once.

[0004] 现在水产品苗种生产中,人工受精的过程是全手工操作的,其中包括粘性受精卵的脱粘、清洗工序。 [0004] Now fish fry production, artificial insemination process is hand-operated, including viscous fertilized debonding and cleaning processes. 主要存在的问题是:①脱粘剂均匀度不稳定(脱粘剂为悬浮液);②手工脱粘不均匀、不彻底,③受精卵易受人为感染和污染;④清洗不彻底、清洁度仅凭经验; ⑤人工操作劳动强度大,操作不规范不标准,产量低效率低;⑥无法进行计算机自动控制, 无法规范操作,无法进一步提高工作效率。 The main problems are: ① debonder evenness unstable (debonder of suspension); ② manual debonding uneven, incomplete, ③ fertilized human infection and vulnerable to pollution; ④ cleaning is not complete, cleanliness a rule of thumb; ⑤ manual labor-intensive, non-standard operations are not standardized, inefficient and low yield; ⑥ not be computer control, you can not regulate the operation, unable to further improve work efficiency.

(三) 发明内容 (C) Disclosure

[0005] 本发明的目的是要提供一种结构简单,标准化、可以方便实现自动化,脱粘、清洗的强度和时间便于控制,暴气式水体搅拌系统的搅拌时间和强度可控,操作简单、安全可靠的鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a simple, standardized, can be easily automated, debonding, intensity and duration of cleaning easy to control, boldness type water mixing system mixing time and intensity control, simple operation, safe and reliable fish zygotes debonding cleaning equipment.

[0006] 本发明的目的是由以下技术方案提供和实现。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide and implement the following technical solutions.

[0007] 鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征在于:所述装备包括脱粘剂槽、脱粘清洗槽和集卵槽三大部分; [0007] debonding fertilized fish cleaning equipment, characterized in that: the equipment includes debonder groove, debonding cleaning tank and set the eggs trough three parts;

[0008] 所述脱粘剂槽为一上口敞开的筒体或箱体,上方设置进水管,底部设有排放口、排剂管和暴气器; [0008] off the agent is a catchy groove open cylinder or box, set into the water above the bottom with a discharge opening, and the storm drain refrigerant pipe scrubbers;

[0009] 所述脱粘清洗槽呈圆底锅状或圆锥底锅状,脱粘清洗槽底部中央设置出料管,并架空水平设置一暴气环,在脱粘清洗槽的上沿口安装一个底圆直径和脱粘清洗槽的上沿口相同的锥形筛网环,在筛网环的外周边为一圈溢流环槽,溢流环槽的底部开设进出水管,锥形筛网环的上口为受精卵放入口; [0009] The debonding cleaning tank cylindrical or conical bottom end of the pot-shaped pot-shaped, debonding cleaning tank provided at the bottom center of the discharge pipe, and set up a storm overhead horizontal gas ring in the debonding cleaning tank installed along the mouth the diameter and the debonding cleaning tank bottom along a conical sieve opening the same ring on the outer periphery of the screen ring is a ring around the overflow tank, opened the bottom of the overflow pipe and out of the ring groove, conical screen catchy ring of a fertilized egg into the mouth;

[0010] 所述集卵槽为集卵内槽和集卵外槽双层结构,集卵内槽具有圆弧形平底,上部周边为网筛;集卵外槽为锥形底,锥形底中心连接排水管,在锥形口设置筛孔搁板,在筛孔搁板上设置暴气环管,集卵内槽搁置在集卵外槽锥形口的筛孔搁板上; [0010] The egg collection tank for the collection of eggs in the tank and the outer tank bilayer structure set eggs, egg collection groove has a circular arc-shaped flat, the upper periphery of the mesh screen; set egg outer tub conical bottom, conical bottom center joint drainage, set in a conical sieve shelf port is provided on the mesh shelf boldness loop, set the eggs aside in the groove on the outer groove tapered opening set eggs sieve shelves;

[0011] 脱粘剂槽的排剂管由水泵连接至位于高位的脱粘清洗槽,脱粘清洗槽的下部由出料管连接至集卵槽的上口。 [0011] debonder tank drain refrigerant pipe connected to the pump debonding cleaning tank located high in the lower debonding cleaning tank by a discharge pipe connected to a catchy set of eggs slot.

[0012] 进一步,所述网筛和筛网环的孔径为60至80目。 [0012] Further, the mesh and mesh aperture ring to 60-80 mesh.

[0013] 进一步,所述脱粘清洗槽底面架空1厘米高度设置一暴气环;所述脱粘剂槽底部 [0013] Further, the bottom surface of cleaning debonding Overhead 1 cm height setting a boldness ring; the agent off the bottom of the tank

以均布方式设置暴气器;所述集卵外槽锥形底上搁置的筛孔搁板为冲孔搁板。 In uniform manner boldness; said set the eggs aside the outer groove conical bottom shelf is perforated mesh shelf.

[0014] 进一步,所述脱粘剂槽、脱粘清洗槽和集卵槽之间由管路和阀门进行连接和和接 [0014] Further, the debonding agents groove, debonding between the tank and set the egg wash tank carried out by piping and valves and connections and access

通、关闭。 Pass, closed.

[0015] 进一步,所述脱粘剂槽、脱粘清洗槽和集卵槽之间由管路和阀门进行连接,所述阀门为电磁阀,由计算机按规定的时间和次序开启和关闭各电磁阀。 [0015] Further, the debonding agents slots between debonding and set egg tank cleaning tank were connected by tubing and valves, the valve is a solenoid valve, according to the time and order of the provisions of the opening and closing the solenoid by the computer valve. [0016] 关于鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的使用方法: [0016] For fish zygotes debonding cleaning equipment using the method:

[0017] ①在脱粘剂槽中定量进水和配制脱粘剂液并启动底部暴气器,使悬浮状脱粘剂液均匀; [0017] ① in debonder quantitative water tank and dispensing liquid debonder and start at the bottom of the storm scrubber, the suspension was uniformly shaped debonder;

[0018] ②启动水泵,定量将脱粘剂槽内的脱粘剂从底部出料管送入脱粘清洗槽,同时打开脱粘清洗槽底部暴气环暴气,调节并锁定暴气量,将待脱粘的鱼类受精卵从受精卵放入口定量放入脱粘清洗槽内,进行定时脱粘程序; [0018] ② start the pump, the removal of quantitative debonder agent from the bottom of the tank outlet tube into the debonding cleaning tank, and open the debonding cleaning tank bottom ring boldness boldness, adjust and lock the violent gas, will debonding of fish to be fertilized from the fertilized egg into the mouth debonding quantitatively into the cleaning tank, the timing debonding procedures;

[0019] ③脱粘程序结束进入定时清洗程序,关闭脱粘清洗槽底部暴气环,同时从脱粘清洗槽底部的出料管送入清水,使鱼类受精卵在清洁流水中反复清洗,多余的水通过粘清洗槽上口的筛网环溢出,溢出的水经外圈溢流环槽由进出水管排出,受精卵被挡在筛网环内; [0019] ③ debonding program ends into the regular cleaning procedures, close debonding cleaning tank bottom boldness ring, while debonding from the bottom of the tank to clean the discharge pipe into the water, so fish in clean water repeatedly fertilized egg wash, Excess water cleaning bath by sticky mesh catchy ring overflow overflow overflow water through the outer ring groove discharged from the inlet and outlet pipe, the fertilized egg is blocked in the screen ring;

[0020] ④在定时清洗程序进行过程中,定量注入清水至集卵槽并打开集卵槽暴气环管暴 [0020] ④ regular cleaning procedure in the process, to set quantitative egg into the water tank and set the eggs open loop groove boldness storm

气,定量将经清洗的受精卵与水由脱粘清洗槽的下部出料管送至集卵槽的上口,进入集卵 Gas, quantified the fertilized eggs by washing with water from the bottom of the debonding cleaning tank discharge pipe to the collection of eggs catchy groove, into the collection of eggs

内槽,打开底部的排水管,周边的暴气将受精卵集中在集卵内槽的中央,保证受精卵不被水 Groove, open the bottom drain, surrounding boldness fertilized eggs inside the eggs on the central collection tank to ensure that the fertilized egg is not water

流挤在集卵内槽的周壁,水经集卵内槽周边网筛滤出,由底部的排水管排出; Set the egg flow squeeze in the groove of the peripheral wall, water from the eggs set the groove surrounding mesh filter out, discharged from the drain at the bottom;

[0021] ⑤最终,经脱粘清洗的鱼类受精卵集中存放在集卵内槽圆弧形平底部。 [0021] ⑤ final, the debonding cleaning fish fertilized eggs stored centrally in a set within the arcuate flat groove bottom.

[0022] 进一步,在清洗程序完毕,清水从溢流环的进出水管送入,逆向对脱粘清洗槽内壁 [0022] Further, in the cleaning process is completed, access to water from the overflow of water into the ring, reverse the inner wall of the cleaning tank debonding

进行冲洗,并由脱粘清洗槽下部出料管送至集卵内槽。 Flush by debonding cleaning lower slot outlet tube to the collection of eggs in the tank.

[0023] 进一步,所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽1内脱粘时间为3分钟至15分钟,暴气环3的暴气量为至水流呈微沸状;所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽内清洗时间为5分钟至10分钟,暴气环3的暴气量为零,冲洗水流呈微沸状。 [0023] Further, the debonding of fish to be fertilized in debonding debonding cleaning bath time is 3-15 minutes 1, 3 gas ring violent storm gas is to boil the water was like; the wait debonding debonding fish fertilized egg in the cleaning tank cleaning time is 5-10 minutes, boldness ring 3 storm zero gas flushing water was slightly boiling state.

[0024] 本发明鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,除脱粘剂槽可为聚乙烯、聚丙烯、聚氯乙烯等塑料注塑定制或购置标准制品外,其余可为304或316不锈钢标准板材加工制造;连接管路为国标PVC或ABS管材及相应部件;泵可采用变频离心式管道泵、流量及扬程和设备容量相匹配,设备操作过程可由计算机自动控制。 [0024] The present invention is fertilized fish debonding cleaning equipment, in addition to debonders groove for polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride and other customized plastic injection molding or purchase standard products, the rest can be 304 or 316 stainless steel standard sheet metal processing manufacturing; connecting lines to the national standard PVC or ABS pipe and the corresponding components; adopt frequency centrifugal pump pipeline pump, flow and lift capacity and facilities to match, process equipment operating by computer control.

[0025] 本专利为解决现有技术中存在的缺点或不足之处所采取的技术手段: [0025] In order to solve this patent premises shortcomings or deficiencies in the prior art techniques taken:

[0026] ①暴气式水体搅拌系统解决了悬浮状脱粘剂均匀度的不稳定; [0026] ① boldness type water mixing system to solve the uniformity of suspended debonder instability;

[0027] ②暴气式水体搅拌系统暴气时间、强度的可控以及对流态的最佳调节,解决了手 [0027] ② boldness type water mixing system boldness time, controllable and optimal adjustment of the intensity of the flow regime, to solve the hand

工脱粘不均匀、不彻底、受精卵易受人为感染和污染等问题;[0028] ③受精卵的清洗工艺采用底部中央进水以及对进水流速、流量、流态及清洗时间的调节控制,解决了清洗程度的规范控制和有效降低了受精卵破损率; Workers debonding uneven, incomplete, artificially fertilized eggs vulnerable to infection and pollution problems; [0028] ③ fertilized cleaning process uses water and the water at the bottom of the central flow, flow, flow pattern and cleaning time adjustment control solve a standardized control and reduce the degree of cleaning fertilized egg breakage rate;

[0029] ④逆向从受精卵脱粘、脱粘清洗槽上口的周围环状环溢流环槽的进排水口进水、经不锈钢筛网环入脱粘清洗槽周壁以冲洗残留壁上的受精卵进入集卵槽的技术手段解决了目前人工操作中受精卵的人为浪费现象; [0029] ④ reverse from the fertilized egg debonding debonding cleaning tank overflow catchy ring around the annular ring groove into the outlet water by stainless steel mesh ring into the debonding cleaning tank circumferential wall to flush residual wall fertilized egg into the technical means of collection trough to resolve the current manual operation in fertilized human waste;

[0030] 定量预进水至集卵外槽并在集卵外槽及集卵内槽间设置环状暴气环管暴气,可调节并锁定暴气量使水体呈轻沸状技术,解决了人工集卵过程中受精卵的贴壁挤压、破损的问题。 [0030] water to a pre-set quantitative egg outer groove and an annular collar boldness boldness in the philatelic collection of eggs and egg outer groove groove, adjustable volume and lock storm water takes the shape of a light boil-like technology to solve Eggs fertilized during artificial set adherent extrusion, problems breakage.

[0031 ] 本发明的优越性和有益效果: [0031] The advantages of the present invention and the beneficial effects:

[0032] ①实现了人工受精的过程中粘性受精卵脱粘、清洗工序的规范化、标准化,可以实现自动化控制; [0032] ① realize the artificial insemination process viscosity zygote debonding and cleaning processes standardization, standardization, automation and control can be achieved;

[0033] ②暴气式水体搅拌系统解决了悬浮状脱粘剂均匀度的不稳定; [0033] ② boldness type water mixing system to solve the uniformity of suspended debonder instability;

[0034] ③暴气式水体搅拌系统暴气时间、强度的可控以及对流态的最佳调节,解决了手工脱粘不均匀、不彻底、受精卵易受人为感染和污染等问题; [0034] ③ boldness type water mixing system boldness time, strength and optimal adjustment controllable flow patterns to solve the manual debonding uneven, incomplete, artificially fertilized eggs vulnerable to infection and pollution problems;

[0035] ④受精卵的清洗工艺采用底部中央进水以及对进水流速、流量及清洗时间的调节控制,可规范清洗程度和降低受精卵的破损率; [0035] ④ fertilized cleaning process using the central bottom of the water and the water velocity, flow and cleaning time adjustment control, regulate and reduce breakage rate cleaning degree fertilized eggs;

[0036] ⑤逆向从受精卵脱粘、脱粘清洗槽上口的周围环状环溢流环槽的进排水口进水、 [0036] ⑤ reverse from the fertilized egg debonding debonding cleaning tank overflow catchy ring around the annular ring groove into the outlet water,

经不锈钢筛网环入脱粘清洗槽周壁以冲洗残留壁上的受精卵进入集卵槽的技术手段解决 By debonding of stainless steel mesh ring into the peripheral wall of the cleaning tank to flush residual wall fertilized egg into the collection trough technical means to solve

了目前人工操作中受精卵的人为浪费现象; The current manual operation in fertilized human waste;

[0037] ⑥解决人工操作劳动强度大、节水等问题。 [0037] ⑥ solve large manual labor intensity, water and other issues.

[0038] 到2010年底,上海尚有5万余亩老旧养殖池塘需要进行标准化改造。 [0038] By the end of 2010, there are 50,000 acres of old Shanghai ponds need to be standardized transformation. 国家农业部在2009年初提出"力争在十二五末完成2000万亩中低产池塘标准化改造"的目标,全国各类水产品良种场的改造也位列其中。 The Ministry of Agriculture in early 2009 that "strive to complete the transformation of low-yielding 2,000 acres pond standardization in five-second late," the goal, the transformation of the various types of aquatic breeding farm is also among them. 本专利的创新点在未来的全国各类水产品良种场的改造必将直接带来或必然产生最直接的技术效果。 This patented innovation will bring direct or necessarily the most direct technical effect in transforming the future of the various types of aquatic breeding farm.

(四) 附图说明 (Iv) Brief Description

[0039] 图1为本发明鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的一种实施方式的结构配置简图;[0040] 图2为本发明鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备使用方法的一种实施例的操作流程简图。 [0039] FIG. 1 of the present invention debonding cleaning fish zygotes an embodiment of the structure and equipment configuration diagram; [0040] FIG. 2 is a schematic fish zygotes debonding cleaning equipment using the method of one embodiment, The operation flow diagram. [0041] 图中:1是脱粘剂槽,2是进出水管,3是暴气环,4是出料管,5是网筛,6是集卵外槽,7是集卵内槽,8是暴气环管,9是筛孔搁板,10是锥形底,11是排水管,12是管路,13是水泵,14是排剂管,15是暴气器,16是排放口, 17是阀门,18是进水管,19是脱粘剂槽,20是筛网环,21是受精卵放入口, 22是溢流环槽。 [0041] in which: 1 is debonder slot 2 is out of the pipe, 3 is boldness ring 4 is a feeding tube, 5 mesh sieve, 6 is set eggs outside groove, the groove 7 is set eggs, 8 is the boldness of the loop, 9 mesh shelves, 10 are tapered at the end, 11 is the drain, 12 pipes, 13 water pumps, 14 are ranked refrigerant pipe, 15 is boldness, a 16 is a discharge port, 17 is a valve 18 into the water, 19 debonders groove 20 mesh ring 21 is fertilized egg into the mouth, the annular groove 22 is overflow.

(五) 具体实施方式 (E) the specific embodiments

[0042] 以下结合附图进一步详细说明本发明的方法和设备结构。 [0042] described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings structure method and apparatus of the present invention.

[0043] 在异育银鲫良种孵化场苗种生产中鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的使用。 [0043] In the different varieties of carp fish hatchery seed production using fertilized debonding cleaning equipment.

[0044] —种鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,所述装备包括脱粘剂槽19、脱粘清洗槽1和集卵 [0044] - species of fish zygotes debonding cleaning equipment, the equipment includes a debonding agents groove 19, debonding cleaning tank 1 and set the eggs

槽三大部分; Trough three parts;

[0045] 所述脱粘剂槽19为一上口敞开的筒体或箱体,上方设置进水管18,底部设有排放口16、排剂管14和暴气器15; [0045] The debonder 19 is a catchy groove open cylinder or box, is provided above the inlet pipe 18, the bottom has a discharge port 16, the discharge refrigerant pipe 14 and the boldness of 15;

[0046] 所述脱粘清洗槽19呈圆底锅或圆锥底锅状,脱粘清洗槽19底部中央设置出料管4,并架空水平设置一暴气环3,在脱粘清洗槽19的上沿口安装一个底圆直径和脱粘清洗槽19的上沿口相同的锥形筛网环20,在筛网环20的外周边为一圈溢流环槽22,溢流环槽22的底部开设进出水管2,锥形筛网环20的上口为受精卵放入口21 ;当脱粘清洗槽19内水多出来时,可以从上方溢入溢流环槽22,从底部开设进出水管2排出,而受精卵被上方筛网环20挡在里面。 [0046] The debonding cleaning tank 19 cylindrical or conical bottom end of the pot-shaped pot, debonding cleaning tank 19 provided at the bottom center of the discharge tube 4, and a boldness aerial horizontally disposed ring 3, the debonding cleaning tank 19 bead installed on a bottom diameter and the debonding cleaning ring groove 19 along the same taper mesh opening 20 in the outer periphery of the screen ring 20 is a ring around the overflow tank 22, the overflow ring groove 22 2 out of the bottom opening of the conical sieve ring 20 for the fertilized egg into the water catchy opening 21; when debonding cleaning water tank 19 extra, you can overflow into the overflow from the top of the annular groove 22, set out from the bottom 2 exhaust pipes, while the top of the screen ring 20 fertilized eggs were blocked inside.

[0047] 所述集卵槽为集卵内槽7和集卵外槽6双层结构,集卵内槽7具有圆弧形平底,上部周边为网筛5 ;集卵外槽6为锥形底IO,锥形底10中心连接排水管ll,在锥形口设置筛孔搁板9,在筛孔搁板9上设置暴气环管8,集卵内槽7搁置在集卵外槽6锥形口的筛孔搁板9上; [0047] The egg collection tank for the collection of eggs in the egg collection tank 7 and the outer tub 6 double structure, set in ovo groove 7 has an arc-shaped flat, the upper periphery of the mesh screen 5; set eggs conical outer groove 6 Bottom IO, conical bottom 10 central connecting drains ll, set up a mesh shelf cone opening 9, 9 are provided on the mesh shelf boldness loop 8, set the eggs aside in the groove 7 of the outer tub 6 egg collection 9 conical sieve mouth shelf;

[0048] 脱粘剂槽19的排剂管14由水泵13连接至位于高位的脱粘清洗槽1,脱粘清洗槽1的下部由出料管4连接至集卵槽的上口。 [0048] debonder tank discharge refrigerant pipe 19, 14 is connected by a pump 13 to debonding at the high of a washing tank, a lower tank cleaning debonding from the discharge pipe 4 is connected to a catchy set of eggs slot.

[0049] 网筛5和筛网环20的孔径为60至80目。 Aperture [0049] mesh sieve ring 5 and 20 from 60 to 80 mesh. 可以满足阻挡受精卵从网筛5和筛网环20网孔中流出。 Outflow from the fertilized egg to meet the barrier mesh sieve ring 5 and 20 net wells.

[0050] 由所述脱粘清洗槽1面架空1厘米高度设置一暴气环3 ;所述脱粘剂槽1底部以均布方式设置暴气器15。 [0050] by the debonding surface cleaning tank 1 Overhead 1 cm height setting a boldness ring 3; 1 slot in the bottom of the debonder uniform manner boldness 15.

[0051] 所述集卵外槽6锥形底10上搁置的筛孔搁板9为冲孔搁板,加工方便。 [0051] set the eggs aside conical bottom outer groove 6 of 9 to 10 mesh shelf punching shelf, easy to process.

[0052] 脱粘剂槽19、脱粘清洗槽1和集卵槽之间由管路12和阀门17进行连接和和接通、 [0052] debonder groove 19, debonding between the cleaning tank 1 and the collection of eggs from the tank line 12 and valve 17 are connected and turned on and,

关闭。 Shut down. 以便于工作按照脱粘和清洗要求进行操作和控制。 In order to operate and control work in accordance with debonding and cleaning requirements.

[0053] 脱粘剂槽19、脱粘清洗槽1和集卵槽之间由管路12和阀门17进行连接,所述阀门17为电磁阀,由计算机按规定的时间和次序开启和关闭各电磁阀,可以实现自动化作业,提高作业的标准化和工作效率。 [0053] debonder groove 19, between debonding and cleaning tank 1 egg groove set by the line 12 and valve 17 are connected, the valve 17 is a solenoid valve, according to the time and order of the provisions of the opening and closing of each computer solenoid valve, can be automated operations, increase standardization and efficiency jobs.

[0054] 相应鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的使用方法: [0054] The corresponding cleaning fish zygotes debonding use of equipment:

[0055] ①在脱粘剂槽19中定量进水和配制脱粘剂液并启动底部暴气器15,使悬浮状脱粘剂液均匀; [0055] ① debonder in the water tank 19 and the preparation of quantitative debonder solution and start the bottom of the boldness of 15, the suspension was uniformly shaped debonder;

[0056] ②启动水泵13,定量将脱粘剂槽19内的脱粘剂从底部出料管14送入脱粘清洗槽1,同时打开脱粘清洗槽1底部暴气环3暴气,调节并锁定暴气量使悬浮状脱粘剂液呈轻沸状,将待脱粘的鱼类受精卵从受精卵放入口21定量放入脱粘清洗槽1内,进行定时脱粘程序; [0056] ② start the pump 13, quantitative debonder will debonders slot 19 from the bottom of the inner tube 14 into the debonding cleaning tank 1, and open the bottom of the washing tub 1 debonding boldness ring 3 boldness, adjust and lock storm off the gas like the suspension agent fluid was light boil-like, to be fertilized fish debonding from the fertilized egg into the port 21 into quantitative debonding cleaning tank 1, the timing debonding procedures;

[0057] ③脱粘程序结束进入定时清洗程序,关闭脱粘清洗槽1底部暴气环3,同时从脱粘清洗槽1底部的出料管4送入清水,使鱼类受精卵在清洁流水中反复清洗,多余的水通过粘清洗槽1上口的筛网环20溢出,溢出的水经外圈溢流环槽22由进出水管2排出,受精卵被挡在筛网环20内; End [0057] ③ debonding program enters regular cleaning procedures, close debonding cleaning tank 1 bottom boldness ring 3, while debonding from the bottom of the washing tub 1 into the water feed pipe 4, so that a fertilized egg fish in clean water repeated washing, excess water stick catchy washing tub 1 by screen annulus 20 overflow, the overflow of the overflow water through the outer ring 2 out of water discharged from the annular groove 22, the fertilized egg is blocked in the screen ring 20;

[0058] ④在定时清洗程序进行过程中,定量注入清水至集卵槽并打开集卵槽暴气环管8暴气,定量将经清洗的受精卵与水由脱粘清洗槽1的下部出料管4送至集卵槽的上口,进入集卵内槽7,打开底部的排水管11,周边的暴气将防止受精卵贴壁受挤压而集中在集卵内槽7的中央,水由自重,经集卵内槽7周边网筛5滤出,由底部的排水管11排出;[0059] ⑤最终,经脱粘清洗的鱼类受精卵集中存放在集卵内槽7圆弧形平底部。 [0058] ④ regular cleaning procedure in the process, to set quantitative egg into the water tank and set the eggs open loop 8 slot boldness boldness, quantified the fertilized egg and the cleaned water from the bottom of the washing tub 1 debonding feed pipe 4 to the collection of eggs catchy groove into the groove 7 egg collection, open the bottom drain 11 surrounding boldness will prevent fertilized egg adherent squeezed and focused on central-ovo groove 7, water from its own weight, the collection of eggs in the groove 7 5 filter out surrounding mesh, discharged from the bottom of the drain pipe 11; [0059] ⑤ final, the debonding cleaning fish fertilized eggs stored centrally in a set within the arcuate groove 7 shaped flat bottom. [0060] 在清洗程序完毕,清水从溢流环22的进出水管2送入,逆向对脱粘清洗槽1内壁 [0060] In the cleaning procedure is completed, the water from the overflow pipe and out of the ring 22 of the second delivery, reverse debonding of the inner wall of the cleaning tank 1

进行冲洗,并由脱粘清洗槽1下部出料管4送至集卵内槽7,此技术是本发明的一项特色,以 Flush by debonding cleaning tank 1 to the lower portion of the discharge tube 4 egg collection groove 7, this technology is a feature of the present invention, in order to

冲洗残留壁上的受精卵,解决了目前人工操作中受精卵的人为浪费现象。 Flush residual wall of the fertilized egg, to resolve the current manual operation in fertilized human waste.

[0061] 所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽1内脱粘时间为3分钟至15分钟,暴气环 [0061] The debonding of fish to be fertilized in the cleaning tank 1 debonding debonding time of 3-15 minutes, boldness ring

3的暴气量为至水流呈微沸状;所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽1内清洗时间为5 3 of violent gas to boil the water was like; the debonding of fish to be fertilized in the cleaning tank 1 debonding cleaning time 5

分钟至10分钟,暴气环3的暴气量为零,冲洗水流呈微沸状。 Minutes to 10 minutes, boldness ring 3 storm zero gas flushing water was slightly boiling state.

[0062] 在以上技术参数的范围内,能达到较好的脱粘清洗目的,也便于由此编制控制程序,实现计算机控制的自动化作业。 [0062] within the scope of the above technical parameters, can achieve better debonding cleaning purposes, but also facilitate the preparation thus control procedures, computer-controlled automation.

[0063] 上海金山丰泽水产良种场是一家专业从事异育银鲫良种孵化的市级水产良种场。 [0063] Shanghai Jinshan Fortress aquatic breeding farm is specialized in different varieties of carp hatchery municipal aquatic breeding farm. 现有的苗种孵化生产工艺是全人工操作,生产工艺水平低下、操作工人劳动强度大、产品数量和质量难以有所突破。 Existing hatchery production of seed technology is a full manual operation, the low level of production technology, operating large labor intensity, quantity and quality is difficult to achieve a breakthrough. 在2009年市级水产良种场标准化改造项目专家评审中,与会专家形成一致意见要求改变此现状,实现机械化装备作业。 In the 2009 municipal aquatic breeding farm reconstruction project standardization experts, the experts reach a consensus for change this situation, mechanized equipment operation. 经预测,采用以上技术,鱼类受精卵在经过本发明技术脱粘清洗后的存活率较现有人工作业技术将提高25%左右;同时将减轻人工作业强度,节约人工约200%,而在采用计算机控制后,又可节省70%的人工;节约用水可达30%左右,脱粘清洗的速度提高,縮短了约20%的时间,大大提高了鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗作业的效率。 Predicted using the above techniques, fish fertilized egg in the survival of the present invention after debonding after cleaning technology than the existing manual operations technology will increase about 25%; at the same time will reduce the manual work intensity, labor-saving about 200%, while After using computer control, and save 70 percent of artificial; water saving up to 30% faster debonding cleaning, shortened by about 20% of the time, greatly improving the fish zygotes debonding cleaning operations efficiency .

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14 Apr 2010C06Publication
26 Mei 2010C10Entry into substantive examination
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9 Des 2015EXPYTermination of patent right or utility model